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Friedrich Engels

1820 - 1895

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Friedrich Engels ( ENG-(g)əlz, German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʔɛŋl̩s]; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, critic of political economy, historian, political theorist and revolutionary socialist. He was also a businessman, journalist and political activist, whose father was an owner of large textile factories in Salford (Lancashire, England) and Barmen, Prussia (now Wuppertal, Germany).Engels developed what is now known as Marxism together with Karl Marx. In 1845, he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in English cities. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Engels has received more than 4,169,609 page views. His biography is available in 118 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 115 in 2019). Friedrich Engels is the 27th most popular philosopher, the 25th most popular biography from Germany (down from 20th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular German Philosopher.

Friedrich Engels is most famous for co-writing the Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 118

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.80

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Friedrich Engels ranks 27 out of 1,081Before him are Democritus, Arthur Schopenhauer, Epicurus, Seneca the Younger, Erasmus, and Auguste Comte. After him are Averroes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Baruch Spinoza, Martin Heidegger, and Anaximander.

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Among people born in 1820, Friedrich Engels ranks 1After him are Florence Nightingale, Herbert Spencer, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Nadar, Anne Brontë, Henri, Count of Chambord, Harriet Tubman, Jenny Lind, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Multatuli, and Heungseon Daewongun. Among people deceased in 1895, Friedrich Engels ranks 2Before him is Louis Pasteur. After him are Alexandre Dumas fils, Berthe Morisot, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Thomas Henry Huxley, Empress Myeongseong, Julius Lothar Meyer, Adam Opel, José Martí, Isma'il Pasha, and Friedrich Miescher.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich Engels ranks 25 out of 6,142Before him are George Frideric Handel (1685), Angela Merkel (1954), Wilhelm Röntgen (1845), Anne Frank (1929), Henry Kissinger (1923), and Empress Elisabeth of Austria (1837). After him are Frederick the Great (1712), Johannes Brahms (1833), Heinrich Himmler (1900), Max Planck (1858), Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859), and Martin Heidegger (1889).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Friedrich Engels ranks 3Before him are Friedrich Nietzsche (1844) and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770). After him are Martin Heidegger (1889), Hannah Arendt (1906), Ludwig Feuerbach (1804), Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762), Karl Jaspers (1883), Jürgen Habermas (1929), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775), Nicholas of Cusa (1401), and Carl von Clausewitz (1780).