501 BC - 470 BC

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Parmenides of Elea (; Greek: Παρμενίδης ὁ Ἐλεάτης; fl. late sixth or early fifth century BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (meaning "Great Greece," the term which Romans gave to Greek-populated coastal areas in Southern Italy). He is thought to have been in his prime (or "floruit") around 475 BC.Parmenides has been considered the founder of metaphysics or ontology and has influenced the whole history of Western philosophy. He was the founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy, which also included Zeno of Elea and Melissus of Samos. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Parmenides has received more than 1,165,988 page views. His biography is available in 82 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 77 in 2019). Parmenides is the 42nd most popular philosopher (up from 49th in 2019), the 52nd most popular biography from Italy (up from 65th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Parmenides is most famous for his poem, "On Nature," in which he argues that the world of our experience is an illusion and that the only thing that truly exists is a changeless, eternal, and perfect sphere.

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  • 82

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  • 10.13

    Effective Languages (L*)

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    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Parmenides ranks 42 out of 1,089Before him are Sun Tzu, Plutarch, Al-Ghazali, Michel de Montaigne, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Maria Montessori. After him are Origen, Thomas More, Al-Farabi, Michel Foucault, Karl Popper, and Protagoras.

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Among people born in 501 BC, Parmenides ranks 1After him are Corinna and Exekias. Among people deceased in 470 BC, Parmenides ranks 2Before him is Heraclitus. After him is Euphronios.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Parmenides ranks 52 out of 4,088Before him are Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598), Gioachino Rossini (1792), Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115), Maria Montessori (1870), Vespasian (9), and Pope Gregory I (540). After him are Luciano Pavarotti (1935), Umberto Eco (1932), Romulus Augustulus (460), Vitruvius (-75), Benedict of Nursia (480), and Pope Clement VII (1478).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Parmenides ranks 4Before him are Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), Thomas Aquinas (1225), and Maria Montessori (1870). After him are Zeno of Elea (-490), Lucretius (-94), Empedocles (-490), Pliny the Elder (23), Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), and Bonaventure (1221).