Arthur Schopenhauer

1788 - 1860

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Arthur Schopenhauer ( SHOH-pən-how-ər, German: [ˈaʁtʊʁ ˈʃoːpn̩haʊɐ] (listen); 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher. He is best known for his 1818 work The World as Will and Representation (expanded in 1844), which characterizes the phenomenal world as the product of a blind noumenal will. Building on the transcendental idealism of Immanuel Kant, Schopenhauer developed an atheistic metaphysical and ethical system that rejected the contemporaneous ideas of German idealism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arthur Schopenhauer has received more than 3,962,897 page views. His biography is available in 93 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 90 in 2019). Arthur Schopenhauer is the 19th most popular philosopher (up from 23rd in 2019), the 5th most popular biography from Poland (up from 6th in 2019) and the most popular Polish Philosopher.

Arthur Schopenhauer is most famous for his philosophical work, The World as Will and Representation. He argues that the world is governed by the Will, which he defines as an irrational and insatiable force.

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Among philosophers, Arthur Schopenhauer ranks 19 out of 1,089Before him are John Locke, Francis Bacon, Pythagoras, Thomas Aquinas, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, and Montesquieu. After him are Thomas Hobbes, Epicurus, Heraclitus, Baruch Spinoza, Erasmus, and Thales of Miletus.

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Among people born in 1788, Arthur Schopenhauer ranks 1After him are Lord Byron, Sarah Baartman, Augustin-Jean Fresnel, Princess Augusta of Bavaria, Jean-Victor Poncelet, Infante Carlos, Count of Molina, Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, Princess Wilhelmine of Baden, Ranavalona I, Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, and Antoine César Becquerel. Among people deceased in 1860, Arthur Schopenhauer ranks 1After him are Phineas Gage, Désirée Clary, Jérôme Bonaparte, Alexandra Feodorovna, Charles Goodyear, János Bolyai, Miloš Obrenović, Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Julia Pastrana, Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and William Walker.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Arthur Schopenhauer ranks 5 out of 1,231Before him are Nicolaus Copernicus (1473), Frédéric Chopin (1810), Marie Curie (1867), and Pope John Paul II (1920). After him are Rosa Luxemburg (1871), Catherine the Great (1762), Paul von Hindenburg (1847), David Ben-Gurion (1886), L. L. Zamenhof (1859), Heinz Guderian (1888), and Lech Wałęsa (1943).


Among philosophers born in Poland, Arthur Schopenhauer ranks 1After him are Johann Gottfried Herder (1744), Jakob Böhme (1575), Ernst Cassirer (1874), Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768), Christian Wolff (1679), Judah Loew ben Bezalel (1512), Alfred Tarski (1901), Heinrich Rickert (1863), Paul Tillich (1886), Leszek Kołakowski (1927), and Günther Anders (1902).