Heungseon Daewongun

1820 - 1898

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Heungseon Daewongun (흥선대원군, 興宣大院君, 21 December 1820 – 22 February 1898; lit. 'Grand Internal Prince Heungseon'), also known as the Daewongun (대원군, 大院君), Guktaegong (국태공, 國太公, "The Great Archduke") or formally Internal King Heungseon Heonui (흥선헌의대원왕, 興宣獻懿大院王) and also known to contemporary western diplomats as Prince Gung, was the title of Yi Ha-eung, the regent of Joseon during the minority of Emperor Gojong in the 1860s and until his death a key political figure of late Joseon Korea. Daewongun literally translates as "prince of the great court", a title customarily granted to the father of the reigning monarch when that father did not reign himself (usually because his son had been adopted as heir of a relative who did reign). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Heungseon Daewongun has received more than 316,664 page views. His biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 23 in 2019). Heungseon Daewongun is the 2,828th most popular politician (up from 3,159th in 2019), the 55th most popular biography from South Korea (down from 21st in 2019) and the 46th most popular South Korean Politician.

The Heungseon Daewongun was the father of King Gojong, the last king of the Joseon Dynasty. He was instrumental in the modernization of Korea in the late 19th century. He is most famous for his role in the Gabo Reforms, which were a series of reforms that allowed for modernization and Westernization.

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Among politicians, Heungseon Daewongun ranks 2,828 out of 15,710Before him are Qutb al-Din Aibak, Wilfred the Hairy, Emperor Higashiyama, Émile Lahoud, Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, and Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria. After him are Prince Wilhelm, Duke of Södermanland, Richard Baer, Vsevolod I of Kiev, Yazid III, Gunthamund, and Iziaslav I of Kiev.

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Among people born in 1820, Heungseon Daewongun ranks 15Before him are Jenny Lind, William John Macquorn Rankine, Multatuli, Henri Vieuxtemps, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, and Susan B. Anthony. After him are Edmond Becquerel, John Tyndall, Lewis A. Swift, Mathilde Bonaparte, William Tecumseh Sherman, and John Tenniel. Among people deceased in 1898, Heungseon Daewongun ranks 17Before him are William Ewart Gladstone, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Charles Garnier, Henry Bessemer, Syed Ahmad Khan, and Theodor Fontane. After him are Aubrey Beardsley, Eleanor Marx, John Newlands, Félicien Rops, Edward Burne-Jones, and Zachris Topelius.

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In South Korea

Among people born in South Korea, Heungseon Daewongun ranks 55 out of 774Before him are Sung Jae-gi (1967), U of Goryeo (1365), Yun Chi-ho (1864), Heonjong of Joseon (1827), Yejong of Joseon (1450), and Pak Hon-yong (1900). After him are Hyeokgeose of Silla (-69), Jeong Dojeon (1342), Yi I (1536), Gim Yu-sin (595), Heo Jun (1546), and Toyo Ito (1941).

Among POLITICIANS In South Korea

Among politicians born in South Korea, Heungseon Daewongun ranks 46Before him are Seongjong of Goryeo (960), Gyeongjong of Goryeo (955), U of Goryeo (1365), Heonjong of Joseon (1827), Yejong of Joseon (1450), and Pak Hon-yong (1900). After him are Hyeokgeose of Silla (-69), Jeong Dojeon (1342), Gim Yu-sin (595), Hyeonjong of Goryeo (992), Chang Myon (1899), and Munmu of Silla (626).