PHILOSOPHER

Baruch Spinoza

1632 - 1677

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Baruch (de) Spinoza (; Dutch: [baːˈrux spɪˈnoːzaː]; Portuguese: [ðɨ ʃpiˈnɔzɐ]; born Baruch Espinosa; later as an author and a correspondent Benedictus de Spinoza, anglicized to Benedict de Spinoza; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin. One of the early thinkers of the Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Inspired by the groundbreaking ideas of René Descartes, Spinoza became a leading philosophical figure of the Dutch Golden Age. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Baruch Spinoza has received more than 3,750,361 page views. His biography is available in 106 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 104 in 2019). Baruch Spinoza is the 23rd most popular philosopher (down from 18th in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Netherlands (down from 3rd in 2019) and the most popular Dutch Philosopher.

Baruch Spinoza is most famous for his philosophy of pantheism, which states that God and Nature are one and the same.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 87.56

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 106

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.98

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.15

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among PHILOSOPHERS

Among philosophers, Baruch Spinoza ranks 23 out of 1,089Before him are Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Montesquieu, Arthur Schopenhauer, Thomas Hobbes, Epicurus, and Heraclitus. After him are Erasmus, Thales of Miletus, Seneca the Younger, Friedrich Engels, Averroes, and Democritus.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1632, Baruch Spinoza ranks 3Before him are John Locke and Johannes Vermeer. After him are Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Christopher Wren, Samuel von Pufendorf, Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Jean Mabillon, Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Michael I Apafi, and Adam Frans van der Meulen. Among people deceased in 1677, Baruch Spinoza ranks 1After him are Jan van Riebeeck, Isaac Barrow, Angelus Silesius, Barbara Strozzi, Wenceslaus Hollar, Robert Cambert, Aert van der Neer, Antonio Maria Abbatini, Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, James Harrington, and William Louis, Duke of Württemberg.

Others Born in 1632

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Others Deceased in 1677

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In Netherlands

Among people born in Netherlands, Baruch Spinoza ranks 4 out of 1,209Before him are Vincent van Gogh (1853), Rembrandt (1606), and Johannes Vermeer (1632). After him are Erasmus (1466), Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525), Hieronymus Bosch (1450), Piet Mondrian (1872), Mata Hari (1876), Christiaan Huygens (1629), Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632), and Johan Cruyff (1947).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In Netherlands

Among philosophers born in Netherlands, Baruch Spinoza ranks 1After him are Erasmus (1466), Jacobus Arminius (1560), Rodolphus Agricola (1443), Jacob Moleschott (1822), Dirck Coornhert (1522), and Bas van Fraassen (1941).