PHILOSOPHER

Baruch Spinoza

1632 - 1677

Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza (; Dutch: [baːˈrux spɪˈnoːzaː]; born Benedito de Espinosa, Portuguese: [bɨnɨˈðitu ðɨ ʃpiˈnɔzɐ]; later Benedict de Spinoza; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin. One of the early thinkers of the Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Inspired by the groundbreaking ideas of René Descartes, Spinoza became a leading philosophical figure of the Dutch Golden Age. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Baruch Spinoza has received more than 2,923,312 page views. His biography is available in 104 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 18th most popular philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 104

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Baruch Spinozas by language


Among PHILOSOPHERS

Among philosophers, Baruch Spinoza ranks 18 out of 1,005Before him are Niccolò Machiavelli, Augustine of Hippo, Francis Bacon, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Thomas Aquinas, and John Locke. After him are Seneca the Younger, Montesquieu, Epicurus, Thomas Hobbes, Arthur Schopenhauer, and Heraclitus.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1632, Baruch Spinoza ranks 2Before him is John Locke. After him are Johannes Vermeer, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Christopher Wren, Samuel von Pufendorf, Jean Mabillon, Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Michael I Apafi, and Adam Frans van der Meulen. Among people deceased in 1677, Baruch Spinoza ranks 1After him are Jan van Riebeeck, Isaac Barrow, Angelus Silesius, Barbara Strozzi, Wenceslaus Hollar, Aert van der Neer, William Louis, Duke of Württemberg, Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, James Harrington, Antonio Maria Abbatini, and Matthew Locke.

Others Born in 1632

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Others Deceased in 1677

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In Netherlands

Among people born in Netherlands, Baruch Spinoza ranks 3 out of 908Before him are Vincent van Gogh (1853) and Rembrandt (1606). After him are Johannes Vermeer (1632), Erasmus (1466), Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525), Hieronymus Bosch (1450), Piet Mondrian (1872), Johan Cruyff (1947), Christiaan Huygens (1629), Mata Hari (1876), and Hugo Grotius (1583).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In Netherlands

Among philosophers born in Netherlands, Baruch Spinoza ranks 1After him are Erasmus (1466), Jacobus Arminius (1560), Rodolphus Agricola (1443), and Bas van Fraassen (1941).

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