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With 1,267 biographies, Philosophers are the 17th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Tennis Players, Composers, and Noblemen.


Pantheon has 1,262 people classified as philosophers born between 2000 BC and 1974. Of these 1,262, 118 (9.35%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living philosophers include Jürgen Habermas, Slavoj Žižek, and Julia Kristeva. The most famous deceased philosophers include Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates. As of April 2024, 97 new philosophers have been added to Pantheon including Lie Yukou, Richard of Saint Victor, and Hui Shi.

Living Philosophers

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Deceased Philosophers

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Newly Added Philosophers (2024)

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Most philosophers were born in Germany (150), France (138), and United Kingdom (101). By city, the most common birth places were Paris (31), Berlin (16), and Vienna (15).The most common death places of philosophers were France (152), Germany (129), and United States (111). By city, these were Paris (58), Athens (32), and London (25).

Places Over Time

The earliest biographies classified as philosophers in Pantheon are Vasishtha, Bharadwaja, and Gautama Maharishi.  The concentration of philosophers was largest during the Scribal Era, which lasted from 500 BC to 1449. Some birth or death locations for earlier philosophers are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.


Which Philosophers were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Philosophers since 1700.