Herbert Spencer

1820 - 1903

Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, and sociologist known for his infamous theory of Social Darwinism throughout contemporary history.Spencer is best known as the originator of the expression "survival of the fittest", which he coined in Principles of Biology (1864) after reading Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. The term strongly suggests natural selection, yet Spencer saw evolution as extending into realms of sociology and ethics, so he also supported Lamarckism.Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. As a polymath, he contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, religion, anthropology, economics, political theory, philosophy, literature, astronomy, biology, sociology, and psychology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herbert Spencer has received more than 1,952,500 page views. His biography is available in 69 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 76th most popular philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.27

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 69

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.47

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Herbert Spencers by language


Among philosophers, Herbert Spencer ranks 74 out of 1,005Before him are Rudolf Steiner, Empedocles, Jürgen Habermas, Roger Bacon, Nicholas of Cusa, and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. After him are Claude Lévi-Strauss, Anaxagoras, Jeremy Bentham, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Walter Benjamin, and Epictetus.

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Among people born in 1820, Herbert Spencer ranks 4Before him are Friedrich Engels, Florence Nightingale, and Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. After him are Nadar, Anne Brontë, Henri, Count of Chambord, Multatuli, Harriet Tubman, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, William John Macquorn Rankine, and Henri Vieuxtemps. Among people deceased in 1903, Herbert Spencer ranks 3Before him are Paul Gauguin and Pope Leo XIII. After him are Theodor Mommsen, Camille Pissarro, Alois Hitler, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Alexander I of Serbia, Otto Weininger, Josiah Willard Gibbs, and Hugo Wolf.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Herbert Spencer ranks 80 out of 5,347Before him are Charles, Prince of Wales (1948), Walter Scott (1771), Mary Shelley (1797), J. J. Thomson (1856), Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (1758), and Robert Louis Stevenson (1850). After him are George VI (1895), David Bowie (1947), Jeremy Bentham (1748), William Blake (1757), Lady Godiva (990), and David Livingstone (1813).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In United Kingdom

Among philosophers born in United Kingdom, Herbert Spencer ranks 8Before him are John Locke (1632), Thomas Hobbes (1588), David Hume (1711), Thomas More (1478), William of Ockham (1285), and Roger Bacon (1220). After him are Jeremy Bentham (1748), Duns Scotus (1265), John Wycliffe (1324), Joseph Priestley (1733), Alcuin (735), and John Venn (1834).