Herbert Spencer

1820 - 1903

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Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, and sociologist famous for his theory of social Darwinism whereby superior physical force shapes history. Spencer originated the expression "survival of the fittest", which he coined in Principles of Biology (1864) after reading Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. The term strongly suggests natural selection, yet Spencer saw evolution as extending into realms of sociology and ethics, so he also supported Lamarckism.Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herbert Spencer has received more than 2,107,801 page views. His biography is available in 71 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 69 in 2019). Herbert Spencer is the 66th most popular philosopher (up from 73rd in 2019), the 70th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 80th in 2019) and the 6th most popular British Philosopher.

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  • 71

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.16

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Herbert Spencer ranks 66 out of 1,089. Before him are Johann Gottlieb Fichte, George Berkeley, Ludwig Feuerbach, Rudolf Steiner, Arius, and Edmund Husserl. After him are Ramakrishna, Karl Jaspers, Antonio Gramsci, William of Ockham, Jürgen Habermas, and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.

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Among people born in 1820, Herbert Spencer ranks 3Before him are Friedrich Engels and Florence Nightingale. After him are Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Nadar, Anne Brontë, Henri, Count of Chambord, Harriet Tubman, Jenny Lind, William John Macquorn Rankine, Multatuli, and Henri Vieuxtemps. Among people deceased in 1903, Herbert Spencer ranks 3Before him are Paul Gauguin and Pope Leo XIII. After him are Camille Pissarro, Theodor Mommsen, Alois Hitler, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Alexander I of Serbia, Josiah Willard Gibbs, Otto Weininger, and Hugo Wolf.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Herbert Spencer ranks 70 out of 6,924. Before him are Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (1930), Henry VII of England (1457), Mary Shelley (1797), Paul McCartney (1942), James VI and I (1566), and Elizabeth Taylor (1932). After him are Guy Fawkes (1570), Edward III of England (1312), Edward I of England (1239), John Dee (1527), William of Ockham (1285), and Harold Harefoot (1016).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In United Kingdom

Among philosophers born in United Kingdom, Herbert Spencer ranks 6Before him are John Locke (1632), Francis Bacon (1561), Thomas Hobbes (1588), David Hume (1711), and Thomas More (1478). After him are William of Ockham (1285), Jeremy Bentham (1748), Roger Bacon (1220), John Wycliffe (1324), Duns Scotus (1265), and Joseph Priestley (1733).