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Herbert Marcuse

1898 - 1979

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Herbert Marcuse (; German: [maʁˈkuːzə]; July 19, 1898 – July 29, 1979) was a German-American philosopher, social critic, and political theorist, associated with the Frankfurt School of critical theory. Born in Berlin, Marcuse studied at the Humboldt University of Berlin and then at Freiburg, where he received his PhD. He was a prominent figure in the Frankfurt-based Institute for Social Research – what later became known as the Frankfurt School. He was married to Sophie Wertheim (1924–1951), Inge Neumann (1955–1973), and Erica Sherover (1976–1979). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herbert Marcuse has received more than 1,814,688 page views. His biography is available in 65 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 64 in 2019). Herbert Marcuse is the 152nd most popular philosopher (down from 130th in 2019), the 227th most popular biography from Germany (down from 170th in 2019) and the 25th most popular German Philosopher.

Herbert Marcuse is most famous for his theory of "repressive tolerance." Marcuse argues that the world is divided into two types of people: the "repressors" and the "repressed." The repressors are those who have power and privilege in society, and they use their power to keep the repressed in their place. Marcuse argues that the repressed should not be tolerant of the repression of the repressors, but rather should actively resist it.

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Among philosophers, Herbert Marcuse ranks 152 out of 1,081Before him are Martin Buber, Hans Kelsen, Duns Scotus, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, Kabir, and Jean Baudrillard. After him are Hippias, Adi Shankara, John Wycliffe, Louis Althusser, Ernst Cassirer, and Christian Wolff.

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Among people born in 1898, Herbert Marcuse ranks 14Before him are M. C. Escher, Enzo Ferrari, Zhou Enlai, George Gershwin, Umm Kulthum, and William James Sidis. After him are Liu Shaoqi, C. S. Lewis, Tamara de Lempicka, Trofim Lysenko, Alexander Calder, and Gunnar Myrdal. Among people deceased in 1979, Herbert Marcuse ranks 8Before him are Park Chung-hee, John Wayne, Giuseppe Meazza, Talcott Parsons, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, and Nino Rota. After him are Jean Renoir, Hafizullah Amin, Jean Seberg, Sándor Kocsis, Jean Monnet, and Dennis Gabor.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Herbert Marcuse ranks 227 out of 6,142Before him are Walter Ulbricht (1893), Eduard Bernstein (1850), Wilhelm Frick (1877), Nico (1938), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880), and Thomas Müntzer (1489). After him are Albert Kesselring (1885), John of Austria (1547), Ludwig Erhard (1897), Jupp Heynckes (1945), Wilhelm Pieck (1876), and Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1016).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Herbert Marcuse ranks 25Before him are Oswald Spengler (1880), Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846), Baron d'Holbach (1723), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), Edith Stein (1891), and Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714). After him are Adam Weishaupt (1748), Ferdinand Tönnies (1855), Max Stirner (1806), Carl Schmitt (1888), Max Scheler (1874), and Max Horkheimer (1895).