Max Stirner

1806 - 1856

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Johann Kaspar Schmidt (25 October 1806 – 26 June 1856), known professionally as Max Stirner, was a German post-Hegelian philosopher, dealing mainly with the Hegelian notion of social alienation and self-consciousness. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Max Stirner has received more than 1,509,598 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Max Stirner is the 178th most popular philosopher (down from 176th in 2019), the 274th most popular biography from Germany (down from 263rd in 2019) and the 32nd most popular German Philosopher.

Max Stirner is most famous for his book "The Ego and His Own." In this book, he argues that the individual should not submit to any external authority, including the state, the church, or any other social institution.

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  • 3.71

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Among philosophers, Max Stirner ranks 178 out of 1,089Before him are Padmasambhava, Max Scheler, Porphyry, Josef Breuer, John Scotus Eriugena, and George Herbert Mead. After him are Pierre Bayle, Julien Offray de La Mettrie, Sextus Empiricus, Alcuin, Han Fei, and Posidonius.

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Among people born in 1806, Max Stirner ranks 2Before him is John Stuart Mill. After him are Augustus De Morgan, Benito Juárez, Catherine Labouré, Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, William Webb Ellis, Emilia Plater, Omar Pasha, Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and Pierre Guillaume Frédéric le Play. Among people deceased in 1856, Max Stirner ranks 5Before him are Robert Schumann, Heinrich Heine, Amedeo Avogadro, and Adolphe Adam. After him are Nikolai Lobachevsky, Paul Delaroche, Ivan Paskevich, Ľudovít Štúr, Étienne Cabet, Manuela Sáenz, and 11th Dalai Lama.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Max Stirner ranks 274 out of 5,289Before him are Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia (1361), Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (1742), Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor (955), Carl Zeiss (1816), Ludolph van Ceulen (1540), and Maurice, Prince of Orange (1567). After him are Maria Goeppert Mayer (1906), Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850), Konrad Zuse (1910), Michael Wittmann (1914), Sepp Dietrich (1892), and Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Max Stirner ranks 32Before him are Carl Schmitt (1888), Max Horkheimer (1895), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), Athanasius Kircher (1602), Ferdinand Tönnies (1855), and Max Scheler (1874). After him are Rudolf Carnap (1891), Moses Mendelssohn (1729), Franz Brentano (1838), Ernst Bloch (1885), Hans Jonas (1903), and Moritz Schlick (1882).