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Oswald Spengler

1880 - 1936

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Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (German: [ˈɔsvalt ˈʃpɛŋlɐ]; 29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German polymath, whose areas of interest included history, philosophy, mathematics, science, and art, as well as their relation to his organic theory of history. He is best known for his two-volume work, The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), published in 1918 and 1922, covering human history. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Oswald Spengler has received more than 1,367,344 page views. His biography is available in 64 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 61 in 2019). Oswald Spengler is the 130th most popular philosopher (down from 125th in 2019), the 171st most popular biography from Germany (down from 165th in 2019) and the 19th most popular German Philosopher.

Oswald Spengler is most famous for his book "The Decline of the West."

Memorability Metrics

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  • 71.99

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 64

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.33

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Oswald Spengler ranks 130 out of 1,081Before him are Hans-Georg Gadamer, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Tommaso Campanella, Marsilio Ficino, Mozi, and Chanakya. After him are Emanuel Swedenborg, Giambattista Vico, Bonaventure, Swami Vivekananda, Rudolf Christoph Eucken, and Baron d'Holbach.

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Among people born in 1880, Oswald Spengler ranks 7Before him are Helen Keller, Alfred Wegener, Douglas MacArthur, Guillaume Apollinaire, Fedor von Bock, and Wilhelmina of the Netherlands. After him are Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Robert Musil, George Marshall, Ludwig Beck, Franz Marc, and André Derain. Among people deceased in 1936, Oswald Spengler ranks 6Before him are Ivan Pavlov, Maxim Gorky, Federico García Lorca, George V, and Rudyard Kipling. After him are Luigi Pirandello, Lu Xun, Ferdinand Tönnies, Lev Kamenev, Grigory Zinoviev, and Eleftherios Venizelos.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Oswald Spengler ranks 171 out of 6,142Before him are Wilhelm, German Crown Prince (1882), Erich Raeder (1876), Karl Ferdinand Braun (1850), Hermann von Helmholtz (1821), Otto Hahn (1879), and Princess Sophie of Bavaria (1805). After him are Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926), Erich Hartmann (1922), Max Ernst (1891), Magda Goebbels (1901), Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846), and Johann Pachelbel (1653).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Oswald Spengler ranks 19Before him are Walter Benjamin (1892), Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767), Friedrich Fröbel (1782), Meister Eckhart (1260), Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776), and Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900). After him are Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846), Baron d'Holbach (1723), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), Edith Stein (1891), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), and Herbert Marcuse (1898).