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Eduard Bernstein

1850 - 1932

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Eduard Bernstein (German: [ˈeːduaʁt ˈbɛʁnʃtaɪn]; 6 January 1850 – 18 December 1932) was a German social democratic Marxist theorist and politician. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), Bernstein had held close association to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, but he began to identify what he believed to be errors in Marxist thinking and began to criticize views held by Marxism when he investigated and challenged the Marxist materialist theory of history. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Eduard Bernstein has received more than 563,385 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia. Eduard Bernstein is the 809th most popular politician (up from 845th in 2019), the 222nd most popular biography from Germany (up from 234th in 2019) and the 64th most popular German Politician.

Eduard Bernstein was a socialist who believed that socialism could be achieved gradually through peaceful and democratic means.

Memorability Metrics

  • 560k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.61

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 54

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.70

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Eduard Bernsteins by language


Among politicians, Eduard Bernstein ranks 809 out of 15,577Before him are Stanisław August Poniatowski, Paul of Greece, Valentinian I, Christian X of Denmark, Ecgberht, King of Wessex, and Arthur Henderson. After him are Ferdinand VII of Spain, Wilhelm Frick, Pedro I of Brazil, Justin Trudeau, Robert F. Kennedy, and Édouard Daladier.

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Among people born in 1850, Eduard Bernstein ranks 7Before him are Jack the Ripper, Robert Louis Stevenson, Guy de Maupassant, Karl Ferdinand Braun, Edward Smith, and Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk. After him are Sofia Kovalevskaya, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Charles Richet, Mihai Eminescu, Pierre Loti, and Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. Among people deceased in 1932, Eduard Bernstein ranks 3Before him are Wilhelm Ostwald and Archduchess Gisela of Austria. After him are Manuel II of Portugal, Aristide Briand, Giuseppe Peano, Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Ronald Ross, Gustav Meyrink, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Paul Doumer, and George Eastman.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Eduard Bernstein ranks 222 out of 6,142Before him are Levi Strauss (1829), Hans Zimmer (1957), Hans Memling (1435), Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb (1876), Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729), and Walter Ulbricht (1893). After him are Wilhelm Frick (1877), Nico (1938), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880), Thomas Müntzer (1489), Herbert Marcuse (1898), and Albert Kesselring (1885).

Among POLITICIANS In Germany

Among politicians born in Germany, Eduard Bernstein ranks 64Before him are Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1282), Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor (990), Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (980), Anton Drexler (1884), Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia (1361), and Walter Ulbricht (1893). After him are Wilhelm Frick (1877), Wilhelm Pieck (1876), Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1016), Wilm Hosenfeld (1895), Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1086), and Frank-Walter Steinmeier (1956).