Eduard Bernstein

1850 - 1932

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Eduard Bernstein (German: [ˈeːduaʁt ˈbɛʁnʃtaɪn]; 6 January 1850 – 18 December 1932) was a German social democratic Marxist theorist and politician. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), Bernstein had held close association to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, but he began to identify what he believed to be errors in Marxist thinking and began to criticize views held by Marxism when he investigated and challenged the Marxist materialist theory of history. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Eduard Bernstein has received more than 478,316 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Eduard Bernstein is the 846th most popular politician (down from 818th in 2019), the 234th most popular biography from Germany (down from 226th in 2019) and the 64th most popular German Politician.

Eduard Bernstein was a socialist who believed that socialism could be achieved gradually through peaceful and democratic means.

Memorability Metrics

  • 480k

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  • 77.09

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 54

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.35

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.80

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Eduard Bernstein ranks 846 out of 15,710Before him are Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, Farouk of Egypt, Peter I of Serbia, Nikephoros II Phokas, Ali Pasha of Ioannina, and Jadwiga of Poland. After him are Stanisław Leszczyński, Julius Nepos, Jozef Tiso, Hassan II of Morocco, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi.

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Among people born in 1850, Eduard Bernstein ranks 8Before him are Guy de Maupassant, Robert Louis Stevenson, Edward Smith, Karl Ferdinand Braun, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, and Sofia Kovalevskaya. After him are Hermann Ebbinghaus, Charles Richet, Mihai Eminescu, Pierre Loti, Henry Louis Le Chatelier, and Oliver Heaviside. Among people deceased in 1932, Eduard Bernstein ranks 2Before him is Wilhelm Ostwald. After him are Archduchess Gisela of Austria, Aristide Briand, Manuel II of Portugal, Giuseppe Peano, Paul Doumer, Gustav Meyrink, George Eastman, Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Alberto Santos-Dumont, and Margaret Brown.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Eduard Bernstein ranks 234 out of 5,289Before him are Albert Kesselring (1885), Irma Grese (1923), Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1086), Leopold von Ranke (1795), Ludwig Erhard (1897), and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620). After him are Pina Bausch (1940), Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (1868), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), Valentinian II (371), Walther von Brauchitsch (1881), and Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804).

Among POLITICIANS In Germany

Among politicians born in Germany, Eduard Bernstein ranks 64Before him are Kurt von Schleicher (1882), Wilhelm Frick (1877), Johann Friedrich Struensee (1737), Irma Grese (1923), Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1086), and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620). After him are Valentinian II (371), Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk (1887), Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden (1710), Julius Streicher (1885), Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (1756), and Augustus III of Poland (1696).