Trofim Lysenko

1898 - 1976

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Trofim Denisovich Lysenko (Russian: Трофим Денисович Лысенко, Ukrainian: Трохим Денисович Лисенко, romanized: Trokhym Denysovych Lysenko; 29 September [O.S. 17 September] 1898 – 20 November 1976) was a Soviet agronomist and biologist. He was a strong proponent of Lamarckism and rejected Mendelian genetics in favor of pseudoscientific ideas termed Lysenkoism.In 1940, Lysenko became director of the Institute of Genetics within the USSR's Academy of Sciences, and he used his political influence and power to suppress dissenting opinions and discredit, marginalize, and imprison his critics, elevating his anti-Mendelian theories to state-sanctioned doctrine.Soviet scientists who refused to renounce genetics were dismissed from their posts and left destitute. Hundreds if not thousands of others were imprisoned. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Trofim Lysenko has received more than 666,426 page views. His biography is available in 41 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Trofim Lysenko is the 22nd most popular biologist (up from 24th in 2019), the 26th most popular biography from Ukraine (up from 45th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Ukrainian Biologist.

Trofim Lysenko is most famous for his work in the field of genetics. He was a proponent of the idea that organisms are shaped by their environment, and that they could be altered by changing the environment.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 41

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Trofim Lysenko ranks 22 out of 844Before him are Richard Dawkins, Rosalind Franklin, Francis Crick, Thomas Henry Huxley, Thomas Hunt Morgan, and Élie Metchnikoff. After him are Nikolai Vavilov, Maria Sibylla Merian, Conrad Gessner, Rachel Carson, Karl von Frisch, and Yoshinori Ohsumi.

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Among people born in 1898, Trofim Lysenko ranks 16Before him are George Gershwin, Zhou Enlai, C. S. Lewis, Herbert Marcuse, Umm Kulthum, and William James Sidis. After him are Liu Shaoqi, Tamara de Lempicka, Henry Moore, Rudolf Dassler, Alexander Calder, and Hans Krebs. Among people deceased in 1976, Trofim Lysenko ranks 12Before him are Alvar Aalto, Luchino Visconti, Max Ernst, Zhou Enlai, Bernard Montgomery, and Fritz Lang. After him are Jean Gabin, Man Ray, André Malraux, J. Paul Getty, Benjamin Britten, and Ulrike Meinhof.

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In Ukraine

Among people born in Ukraine, Trofim Lysenko ranks 26 out of 913Before him are Anna Akhmatova (1889), Sviatoslav I of Kiev (942), Taras Shevchenko (1814), Sergei Korolev (1906), Leopold von Sacher-Masoch (1836), and Ivan Aivazovsky (1817). After him are Ludwig von Mises (1881), Stanisław Leszczyński (1677), Vaslav Nijinsky (1889), Shmuel Yosef Agnon (1888), Vladimir Horowitz (1903), and Stepan Bandera (1909).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Ukraine

Among biologists born in Ukraine, Trofim Lysenko ranks 2Before him are Élie Metchnikoff (1845). After him are Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900), Sergei Winogradsky (1856), Ludwik Fleck (1896), Waldemar Haffkine (1860), Alexander Georg von Bunge (1803), Michał Boym (1614), Ivan Martinov (1771), and Alexander Alfonsovich Grossheim (1888).