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Trofim Lysenko

1898 - 1976

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Trofim Denisovich Lysenko (Russian: Трофи́м Дени́сович Лысе́нко, Ukrainian: Трохи́м Дени́сович Лисе́нко, Ukrainian pronunciation: [troˈxɪm deˈnɪsowɪtʃ lɪˈsɛnko]; 29 September [O.S. 17 September] 1898 – 20 November 1976) was a Soviet agronomist and pseudoscientist. He was a strong proponent of Lamarckism, and rejected Mendelian genetics in favour of his own idiosyncratic, pseudoscientific ideas later termed Lysenkoism.In 1940, Lysenko became director of the Institute of Genetics within the USSR's Academy of Sciences, and he used his political influence and power to suppress dissenting opinions and discredit, marginalize, and imprison his critics, elevating his anti-Mendelian theories to state-sanctioned doctrine.Soviet scientists who refused to renounce genetics were dismissed from their posts and left destitute. Hundreds if not thousands of others were imprisoned. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Trofim Lysenko has received more than 1,158,954 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Trofim Lysenko is the 25th most popular biologist (down from 22nd in 2019), the 37th most popular biography from Ukraine (down from 26th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Ukrainian Biologist.

Trofim Lysenko is most famous for his work in the field of genetics. He was a proponent of the idea that organisms are shaped by their environment, and that they could be altered by changing the environment.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.2M

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  • 69.08

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.31

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.63

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Trofim Lysenko ranks 25 out of 841Before him are Robert Brown, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, Thomas Henry Huxley, Maria Sibylla Merian, Rachel Carson, and Élie Metchnikoff. After him are Barbara McClintock, Conrad Gessner, Jules Bordet, Dian Fossey, Charles Richet, and Theodor Schwann.

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Among people born in 1898, Trofim Lysenko ranks 18Before him are Umm Kulthum, William James Sidis, Herbert Marcuse, Liu Shaoqi, C. S. Lewis, and Tamara de Lempicka. After him are Alexander Calder, Gunnar Myrdal, Hans Krebs, Rodion Malinovsky, Henry Moore, and Leo Szilard. Among people deceased in 1976, Trofim Lysenko ranks 14Before him are Zhou Enlai, Max Ernst, Bernard Montgomery, Fritz Lang, Jean Gabin, and André Malraux. After him are Man Ray, Benjamin Britten, Henrik Dam, J. Paul Getty, Alexander Calder, and Ulrike Meinhof.

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In Ukraine

Among people born in Ukraine, Trofim Lysenko ranks 37 out of 1,083Before him are Vladimir Horowitz (1903), Nestor Makhno (1888), Andrei Chikatilo (1936), Simon Wiesenthal (1908), Grigory Zinoviev (1883), and Élie Metchnikoff (1845). After him are Yulia Tymoshenko (1960), Ivan Mazepa (1639), Andrei Zhdanov (1896), Igor Sikorsky (1889), Joseph Roth (1894), and Petro Poroshenko (1965).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Ukraine

Among biologists born in Ukraine, Trofim Lysenko ranks 2Before him are Élie Metchnikoff (1845). After him are Waldemar Haffkine (1860), Sergei Winogradsky (1856), Michał Boym (1614), Alexander Georg von Bunge (1803), Ludwik Fleck (1896), Ivan Martinov (1771), and Alexander Alfonsovich Grossheim (1888).