Alexander Calder

1898 - 1976

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Alexander Calder (; July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) was an American sculptor known both for his innovative mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or air currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic, and static "stabiles" monumental public sculptures. He didn't limit his art to sculptures; he also created paintings, jewelry, theatre sets and costumes.Calder preferred not to analyze his work, saying, "Theories may be all very well for the artist himself, but they shouldn't be broadcast to other people."Born into a family of artists, Calder's work first gained attention in Paris in the 1920s and was soon championed by the Museum of Modern Art in New York, resulting in a retrospective exhibition in 1943. Major retrospectives were also held at the Solomon R. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Alexander Calder has received more than 1,287,456 page views. His biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 45 in 2019). Alexander Calder is the 16th most popular sculptor (up from 19th in 2019), the 395th most popular biography from United States (up from 405th in 2019) and the most popular American Sculptor.

Alexander Calder is most famous for his mobiles, which are sculptures that hang from the ceiling and move with the air currents.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.3M

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  • 75.37

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.05

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.96

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among sculptors, Alexander Calder ranks 16 out of 190Before him are Lysippos, Antonio Canova, Constantin Brâncuși, Henry Moore, Bertel Thorvaldsen, and Giambologna. After him are Marie Tussaud, Scopas, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, Luca della Robbia, Andrea Pisano, and Nicola Pisano.

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Among people born in 1898, Alexander Calder ranks 21Before him are William James Sidis, Trofim Lysenko, Liu Shaoqi, Tamara de Lempicka, Henry Moore, and Rudolf Dassler. After him are Hans Krebs, Gunnar Myrdal, Isidor Isaac Rabi, Julius Evola, Karl Ziegler, and Leo Szilard. Among people deceased in 1976, Alexander Calder ranks 19Before him are Jean Gabin, Man Ray, André Malraux, J. Paul Getty, Benjamin Britten, and Ulrike Meinhof. After him are Henrik Dam, Joachim Peiper, Eyvind Johnson, Jacques Monod, Raymond Queneau, and Rudolf Bultmann.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Alexander Calder ranks 395 out of 15,968Before him are Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804), George Clooney (1961), James Buchanan (1791), Robert Woodrow Wilson (1936), Charles Goodyear (1800), and Willis Carrier (1876). After him are Paulette Goddard (1910), Joseph Stiglitz (1943), Boris Johnson (1964), Michael Clarke Duncan (1957), Jeff Bridges (1949), and Janet Leigh (1927).

Among SCULPTORS In United States

Among sculptors born in United States, Alexander Calder ranks 1After him are Robert Smithson (1938), Isamu Noguchi (1904), Robert Morris (1931), Dennis Oppenheim (1938), Dan Flavin (1933), Walter De Maria (1935), Anna Coleman Ladd (1878), Jacob Epstein (1880), Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (1875), Edmonia Lewis (1844), and Daniel Chester French (1850).