Max Horkheimer

1895 - 1973

Max Horkheimer

Max Horkheimer (; German: [ˈhɔɐ̯kˌhaɪmɐ]; 14 February 1895 – 7 July 1973) was a German philosopher and sociologist who was famous for his work in critical theory as a member of the Frankfurt School of social research. Horkheimer addressed authoritarianism, militarism, economic disruption, environmental crisis, and the poverty of mass culture using the philosophy of history as a framework. This became the foundation of critical theory. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Max Horkheimer has received more than 435,200 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 157th most popular philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 440k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.61

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.94

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.59

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Max Horkheimer ranks 156 out of 1,005Before him are Baron d'Holbach, Ferdinand Tönnies, Louis Althusser, Carl Schmitt, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Ernst Cassirer. After him are Marquis de Condorcet, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Bakhtin, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Emmanuel Levinas, and Han Fei.

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Among people born in 1895, Max Horkheimer ranks 8Before him are Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Carl Orff, Juan Perón, Buster Keaton, Jiddu Krishnamurti, and Anna Freud. After him are Mikhail Bakhtin, Nikolai Yezhov, Santiago Bernabéu Yeste, Ernst Jünger, J. Edgar Hoover, and Wilm Hosenfeld. Among people deceased in 1973, Max Horkheimer ranks 18Before him are Pearl S. Buck, Henri Charrière, John Ford, Paavo Nurmi, Walter Ulbricht, and Ludwig von Mises. After him are Abebe Bikila, Ivan Konev, Hans Kelsen, Anna Magnani, Ferdinand Schörner, and J. Hans D. Jensen.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Max Horkheimer ranks 217 out of 3,763Before him are Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (1756), Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor (990), Carl Schmitt (1888), Kurt von Schleicher (1882), Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714), and Wilhelm, German Crown Prince (1882). After him are Michael Wittmann (1914), Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1086), Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804), Pope Gregory V (972), Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717), and Valentinian II (371).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Max Horkheimer ranks 29Before him are Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833), Baron d'Holbach (1723), Ferdinand Tönnies (1855), Carl Schmitt (1888), and Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714). After him are Athanasius Kircher (1602), Jakob Böhme (1575), Max Stirner (1806), Max Scheler (1874), Rudolf Carnap (1891), and Moses Mendelssohn (1729).

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