A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

1931 - 2015

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Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( (listen); 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th president of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam has received more than 34,540,970 page views. His biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 72 in 2019). A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is the 220th most popular politician (up from 234th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from India (up from 8th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Indian Politician.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is most famous for being the 11th President of India, and for his contributions to the development of India's missile and space programs.

Memorability Metrics

  • 35M

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.09

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.25

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam ranks 220 out of 15,710Before him are Scipio Africanus, Thutmose III, Salvador Allende, Antoninus Pius, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and Hulagu Khan. After him are Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Louis XVIII of France, Charles I of Austria, Salman of Saudi Arabia, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, and Suleiman II.

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Among people born in 1931, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam ranks 5Before him are Mikhail Gorbachev, Rajneesh, Boris Yeltsin, and Toni Morrison. After him are James Dean, Raúl Castro, Robert Duvall, Tomas Tranströmer, Alice Munro, Chun Doo-hwan, and Philip Kotler. Among people deceased in 2015, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam ranks 2Before him is John Forbes Nash Jr.. After him are Lee Kuan Yew, Günter Grass, Christopher Lee, Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, Omar Sharif, Demis Roussos, Terry Pratchett, Tomas Tranströmer, B.B. King, and Anita Ekberg.

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In India

Among people born in India, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam ranks 7 out of 1,227Before him are Mahatma Gandhi (1869), George Orwell (1903), Ashoka (-304), Rajneesh (1931), Amitabh Bachchan (1942), and Rabindranath Tagore (1861). After him are Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887), Ramakrishna (1836), Rudyard Kipling (1865), Vivien Leigh (1913), Jawaharlal Nehru (1889), and Kālidāsa (400).


Among politicians born in India, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam ranks 2Before him are Ashoka (-304). After him are Jawaharlal Nehru (1889), Indira Gandhi (1917), Shivaji (1627), Chandragupta Maurya (-340), Aurangzeb (1618), Rani of Jhansi (1828), Subhas Chandra Bose (1897), B. R. Ambedkar (1891), Rama (null), and Alauddin Khalji (1266).