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1618 - 1707

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Muhi al-Din Muhammad (Persian: محی الدین محمد, romanized: Muḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad; c. 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known as Aurangzeb (Persian: اورنگ‌زیب, lit. 'Ornament of the Throne') and by his regnal title Alamgir (Persian: عالمگیر, romanized: ʿĀlamgīr, lit. 'Conqueror of the World'), was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire, ruling from July 1658 until his death in 1707. Under his emperorship, the Mughals reached their greatest extent with their territory spanning nearly the entirety of South Asia.Widely considered to be the last effective Mughal ruler, Aurangzeb compiled the Fatawa 'Alamgiri and was amongst the few monarchs to have fully established Sharia and Islamic economics throughout South Asia.Belonging to the aristocratic Timurid dynasty, Aurangzeb's early life was occupied with pious pursuits. He held administrative and military posts under his father Shah Jahan (r. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aurangzeb has received more than 9,261,243 page views. His biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 70 in 2019). Aurangzeb is the 856th most popular politician (up from 883rd in 2019), the 32nd most popular biography from India (down from 24th in 2019) and the 11th most popular Indian Politician.

Aurangzeb is most famous for being a Muslim emperor who ruled India and Pakistan from 1658 to 1707. He was the last of the Mughal emperors.

Memorability Metrics

  • 9.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.25

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Aurangzebs by language


Among politicians, Aurangzeb ranks 856 out of 15,577Before him are Ruth, Modu Chanyu, Gustav III of Sweden, Wilm Hosenfeld, Islam Karimov, and Jozef Tiso. After him are Kara Mustafa Pasha, Qaboos bin Said al Said, Farah Pahlavi, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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Among people born in 1618, Aurangzeb ranks 1After him are Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Elisabeth of the Palatinate, Jeremiah Horrocks, Hishikawa Moronobu, François Pierre La Varenne, François Blondel, Jan Dirksz Both, Juraj Križanić, Peter Lely, Michiel Sweerts, and Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy. Among people deceased in 1707, Aurangzeb ranks 3Before him are Dieterich Buxtehude and Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan. After him are Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, Ahmad Khani, Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, Jean Mabillon, Shitao, Christoph Cellarius, Johann Patkul, Jeremiah Clarke, and Willem van de Velde the Younger.

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Others Deceased in 1707

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In India

Among people born in India, Aurangzeb ranks 32 out of 1,493Before him are Jiddu Krishnamurti (1895), Sathya Sai Baba (1926), Kabir (1440), Adi Shankara (788), Valmiki (-80), and Aryabhata (476). After him are Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888), Padmasambhava (717), Amartya Sen (1933), Mahavira (-599), Julie Christie (1940), and Rani of Jhansi (1828).


Among politicians born in India, Aurangzeb ranks 11Before him are Jawaharlal Nehru (1889), B. R. Ambedkar (1891), Indira Gandhi (1917), Shivaji (1627), Chandragupta Maurya (-340), and Subhas Chandra Bose (1897). After him are Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888), Rani of Jhansi (1828), Jahangir (1569), Sariputta (-568), Mohammed Nadir Shah (1883), and Harsha (590).