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Pliny the Elder

23 - 79

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Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23/24 – 79), called Pliny the Elder (), was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, and naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and a friend of the emperor Vespasian. He wrote the encyclopedic Naturalis Historia (Natural History), which became an editorial model for encyclopedias. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pliny the Elder has received more than 3,930,005 page views. His biography is available in 85 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 82 in 2019). Pliny the Elder is the 62nd most popular philosopher (down from 57th in 2019), the 97th most popular biography from Italy (down from 94th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Pliny the Elder is most famous for his work Naturalis Historia, which is an encyclopedia of knowledge about natural science and history.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.31

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 85

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.63

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Pliny the Elder ranks 62 out of 1,081Before him are Henri Bergson, Anaxagoras, Herbert Spencer, Mikhail Bakunin, Edmund Husserl, and Gorgias. After him are Ludwig Feuerbach, Peter Abelard, George Berkeley, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Arius, and Antonio Gramsci.

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Among people born in 23, Pliny the Elder ranks 1After him is Alisha Lehmann. Among people deceased in 79, Pliny the Elder ranks 2Before him is Vespasian. After him are Pope Linus, Aulus Caecina Alienus, and Drusilla.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Pliny the Elder ranks 97 out of 4,668Before him are Brutus the Younger (-85), Tintoretto (1518), Pope Pius X (1835), Enrico Fermi (1901), Domitian (51), and Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (-600). After him are Pope Benedict XV (1854), Pope Paul III (1468), Terence Hill (1939), Pope Leo XIII (1810), Masaccio (1401), and Amedeo Avogadro (1776).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Pliny the Elder ranks 8Before him are Thomas Aquinas (1225), Parmenides (-501), Maria Montessori (1870), Zeno of Elea (-490), Empedocles (-490), and Lucretius (-94). After him are Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Marsilio Ficino (1433), and Giambattista Vico (1668).