Pliny the Elder

23 - 79

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Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23/24 – 79), called Pliny the Elder (), was a Roman author, a naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and a friend of emperor Vespasian. He wrote the encyclopedic Naturalis Historia ("Natural History"), which became an editorial model for encyclopedias. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pliny the Elder has received more than 2,901,090 page views. His biography is available in 82 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 79 in 2019). Pliny the Elder is the 57th most popular philosopher (down from 56th in 2019), the 94th most popular biography from Italy (up from 96th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Pliny the Elder is most famous for his work Naturalis Historia, which is an encyclopedia of knowledge about natural science and history.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 82.87

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 82

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.28

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.10

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Pliny the Elder ranks 57 out of 1,089. Before him are Plotinus, Zeno of Elea, John Amos Comenius, Mikhail Bakunin, Lucretius, and Empedocles. After him are Anaximander, Peter Abelard, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, George Berkeley, Ludwig Feuerbach, and Rudolf Steiner.

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Among people born in 23, Pliny the Elder ranks 1 Among people deceased in 79, Pliny the Elder ranks 2Before him is Vespasian. After him are Pope Linus and Aulus Caecina Alienus.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Pliny the Elder ranks 94 out of 4,088. Before him are Artemisia Gentileschi (1593), Empedocles (-490), Tintoretto (1518), Antonio Salieri (1750), Pope Leo XIII (1810), and Silvio Berlusconi (1936). After him are Pope Paul VI (1897), Pope Innocent III (1160), Cato the Elder (-243), Juan Carlos I of Spain (1938), Pope Pius X (1835), and Pope Paul III (1468).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Pliny the Elder ranks 8Before him are Thomas Aquinas (1225), Maria Montessori (1870), Parmenides (-501), Zeno of Elea (-490), Lucretius (-94), and Empedocles (-490). After him are Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Bonaventure (1221), Tommaso Campanella (1568), and Giambattista Vico (1668).