Giambattista Vico

1668 - 1744

Giambattista Vico

Giambattista Vico (born Giovan Battista Vico ; Italian: [ˈviko]; 23 June 1668 – 23 January 1744) was an Italian political philosopher and rhetorician, historian and jurist, of the Age of Enlightenment. He criticized the expansion and development of modern rationalism, was an apologist for Classical Antiquity, a precursor of systematic and complex thought, in opposition to Cartesian analysis and other types of reductionism, and was the first expositor of the fundamentals of social science and of semiotics. The Latin aphorism Verum esse ipsum factum ("What is true is precisely what is made") coined by Vico is an early instance of constructivist epistemology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Giambattista Vico has received more than 421,345 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 132nd most popular philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 420k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.24

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.73

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.07

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Giambattista Vicos by language


Among philosophers, Giambattista Vico ranks 130 out of 1,005Before him are John Rawls, Count of St. Germain, Mozi, Marsilio Ficino, Martin Buber, and Henri de Saint-Simon. After him are John Wycliffe, Pyrrho, György Lukács, Emanuel Swedenborg, Isocrates, and Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.

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Among people born in 1668, Giambattista Vico ranks 1After him are François Couperin, Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, Herman Boerhaave, Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, Alain-René Lesage, Sultan Husayn, John George IV, Elector of Saxony, Francesco Gasparini, Louis, Prince of Condé, and Petr Brandl. Among people deceased in 1744, Giambattista Vico ranks 2Before him is Anders Celsius. After him are Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, Alexander Pope, Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Leonardo Leo, Giuseppe Guarneri, André Campra, Marie Anne de Mailly, Johann Heinrich Schulze, and John Theophilus Desaguliers.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Giambattista Vico ranks 269 out of 3,282Before him are Alessandro Scarlatti (1660), Pope Fabian (200), Sallust (-86), Pope Paul I (700), Aldo Moro (1916), and Longinus (100). After him are Pope Paul II (1417), Torquato Tasso (1544), Giuseppe Mazzini (1805), Pope Gregory X (1210), Pope Liberius (310), and Pope Gelasius I (410).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Giambattista Vico ranks 14Before him are Empedocles (-490), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Bonaventure (1221), and Marsilio Ficino (1433). After him are Cesare Beccaria (1738), Elena Cornaro Piscopia (1646), Benedetto Croce (1866), Hippasus (-600), Marsilius of Padua (1275), and Aristoxenus (-360).

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