Maria Montessori

1870 - 1952

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Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori ( MON-tiss-OR-ee, Italian: [maˈriːa montesˈsɔːri]; August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. At an early age, Montessori enrolled in classes at an all-boys technical school, with hopes of becoming an engineer. She soon had a change of heart and began medical school at the Sapienza University of Rome, becoming one of the first women to attend medical school in Italy; she graduated with honors in 1896. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Montessori has received more than 2,273,281 page views. Her biography is available in 79 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 75 in 2019). Maria Montessori is the 41st most popular philosopher, the 49th most popular biography from Italy (down from 48th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Italian Philosopher.

Maria Montessori is most famous for her philosophy of education. She believed that children should be allowed to develop at their own pace and have a natural curiosity about the world around them.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 84.74

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 79

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.39

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Maria Montessori ranks 41 out of 1,089Before her are Auguste Comte, Sun Tzu, Plutarch, Al-Ghazali, Michel de Montaigne, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. After her are Parmenides, Origen, Thomas More, Al-Farabi, Michel Foucault, and Karl Popper.

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Among people born in 1870, Maria Montessori ranks 2Before her is Vladimir Lenin. After her are Alfred Adler, Christian X of Denmark, Franz Lehár, Adolf Loos, William G. Morgan, Jean Baptiste Perrin, Albert Fish, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Jules Bordet, and Miguel Primo de Rivera. Among people deceased in 1952, Maria Montessori ranks 1After her are Knut Hamsun, George VI, John Dewey, Eva Perón, Alexandra Kollontai, Chaim Weizmann, Paul Éluard, Wilm Hosenfeld, Benedetto Croce, Karen Horney, and Walter Schellenberg.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Maria Montessori ranks 49 out of 4,088Before her are Pope Pius XII (1876), Giacomo Puccini (1858), Mark Antony (-83), Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598), Gioachino Rossini (1792), and Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115). After her are Vespasian (9), Pope Gregory I (540), Parmenides (-501), Luciano Pavarotti (1935), Umberto Eco (1932), and Romulus Augustulus (460).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Maria Montessori ranks 3Before her are Niccolò Machiavelli (1469) and Thomas Aquinas (1225). After her are Parmenides (-501), Zeno of Elea (-490), Lucretius (-94), Empedocles (-490), Pliny the Elder (23), Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), and Bonaventure (1221).