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Maria Montessori

1870 - 1952

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Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori ( MON-tiss-OR-ee, Italian: [maˈriːa montesˈsɔːri]; 31 August 1870 – 6 May 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. At an early age, Montessori enrolled in classes at an all-boys technical school, with hopes of becoming an engineer. She soon had a change of heart and began medical school at the Sapienza University of Rome, becoming one of the first women to attend medical school in Italy; she graduated with honors in 1896. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Montessori has received more than 2,645,306 page views. Her biography is available in 86 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 79 in 2019). Maria Montessori is the 41st most popular philosopher, the 41st most popular biography from Italy (up from 49th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Maria Montessori is most famous for her philosophy of education. She believed that children should be allowed to develop at their own pace and have a natural curiosity about the world around them.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.6M

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  • 80.58

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 86

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.93

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Maria Montessori ranks 41 out of 1,081Before her are Diogenes, Laozi, David Hume, Søren Kierkegaard, Protagoras, and Thomas More. After her are Sun Tzu, Plutarch, Michel de Montaigne, Origen, Al-Farabi, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

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Among people born in 1870, Maria Montessori ranks 2Before her is Vladimir Lenin. After her are Alfred Adler, Franz Lehár, Christian X of Denmark, Adolf Loos, Jean Baptiste Perrin, Jules Bordet, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Albert Fish, William G. Morgan, and Miguel Primo de Rivera. Among people deceased in 1952, Maria Montessori ranks 1After her are George VI, John Dewey, Knut Hamsun, Eva Perón, Alexandra Kollontai, Wilm Hosenfeld, Chaim Weizmann, Paul Éluard, Karen Horney, Benedetto Croce, and Walter Schellenberg.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Maria Montessori ranks 41 out of 4,668Before her are Giacomo Puccini (1858), Titian (1488), Pontius Pilate (-12), Donatello (1386), Tiberius (-42), and Saint Lucy (283). After her are Pope John Paul I (1912), Pope John XXIII (1881), Gioachino Rossini (1792), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598), and Mark Antony (-83).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Maria Montessori ranks 4Before her are Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), Thomas Aquinas (1225), and Parmenides (-501). After her are Zeno of Elea (-490), Empedocles (-490), Lucretius (-94), Pliny the Elder (23), Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), and Tommaso Campanella (1568).