New games! PlayTrivia andBirthle.


Enrico Fermi

1901 - 1954

Photo of Enrico Fermi

Icon of person Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi (Italian: [enˈriːko ˈfermi]; 29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian and later naturalized American physicist, renowned for being the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1, and a member of the Manhattan Project. He has been called the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb". He was one of very few physicists to excel in both theoretical physics and experimental physics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Enrico Fermi has received more than 4,166,331 page views. His biography is available in 134 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 127 in 2019). Enrico Fermi is the 23rd most popular physicist, the 94th most popular biography from Italy (up from 105th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Italian Physicist.

Enrico Fermi is most famous for the invention of the first nuclear reactor.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.48

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 134

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.29

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Enrico Fermis by language


Among physicists, Enrico Fermi ranks 23 out of 717Before him are Evangelista Torricelli, Georg Ohm, Werner Heisenberg, Henri Becquerel, Erwin Schrödinger, and Christiaan Huygens. After him are Heinrich Hertz, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Luigi Galvani, Daniel Bernoulli, Richard Feynman, and Hendrik Lorentz.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1901, Enrico Fermi ranks 6Before him are Hirohito, Walt Disney, Marlene Dietrich, Werner Heisenberg, and Louis Armstrong. After him are Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Jacques Lacan, Linus Pauling, Clark Gable, Rudolf Höss, and Sukarno. Among people deceased in 1954, Enrico Fermi ranks 4Before him are Frida Kahlo, Alan Turing, and Henri Matisse. After him are Heinz Guderian, Colette, Robert Capa, Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, Princess Märtha of Sweden, André Derain, Getúlio Vargas, and Alcide De Gasperi.

Others Born in 1901

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1954

Go to all Rankings

In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Enrico Fermi ranks 94 out of 4,668Before him are Pope Leo X (1475), Bud Spencer (1929), Girolamo Savonarola (1452), Brutus the Younger (-85), Tintoretto (1518), and Pope Pius X (1835). After him are Domitian (51), Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (-600), Pliny the Elder (23), Pope Benedict XV (1854), Pope Paul III (1468), and Terence Hill (1939).


Among physicists born in Italy, Enrico Fermi ranks 3Before him are Alessandro Volta (1745) and Evangelista Torricelli (1608). After him are Luigi Galvani (1737), Laura Bassi (1711), Emilio Segrè (1905), Giorgio Parisi (1948), Francesco Maria Grimaldi (1618), Ettore Majorana (1906), Giovanni Battista Venturi (1746), Carlo Rubbia (1934), and Bruno Pontecorvo (1913).