Enrico Fermi

1901 - 1954

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Enrico Fermi (Italian: [enˈriːko ˈfermi]; 29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian (later naturalized American) physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1. He has been called the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb". He was one of very few physicists to excel in both theoretical physics and experimental physics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Enrico Fermi has received more than 2,776,138 page views. His biography is available in 127 different languages on Wikipedia. Enrico Fermi is the 23rd most popular physicist (down from 20th in 2019), the 105th most popular biography from Italy (down from 80th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Italian Physicist.

Enrico Fermi is most famous for the invention of the first nuclear reactor.

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Among physicists, Enrico Fermi ranks 23 out of 721Before him are Henri Becquerel, Christiaan Huygens, Georg Ohm, Erwin Schrödinger, Hans Christian Ørsted, and Heinrich Hertz. After him are Ibn al-Haytham, Pierre Curie, Daniel Bernoulli, Hendrik Lorentz, Luigi Galvani, and Louis de Broglie.

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Among people born in 1901, Enrico Fermi ranks 6Before him are Walt Disney, Hirohito, Werner Heisenberg, Louis Armstrong, and Marlene Dietrich. After him are Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Jacques Lacan, Linus Pauling, Sukarno, Rudolf Höss, and Clark Gable. Among people deceased in 1954, Enrico Fermi ranks 5Before him are Frida Kahlo, Alan Turing, Henri Matisse, and Heinz Guderian. After him are Robert Capa, Colette, Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, Princess Märtha of Sweden, André Derain, Machine Gun Kelly, and Andrey Vyshinsky.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Enrico Fermi ranks 105 out of 4,088Before him are Pope Pius X (1835), Pope Paul III (1468), Scipio Africanus (-235), Antoninus Pius (86), Pope Benedict XV (1854), and Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (-600). After him are Sulla (-138), Pope Leo X (1475), Girolamo Savonarola (1452), Michael Collins (1930), Saint Lucy (283), and Pope Boniface VIII (1235).


Among physicists born in Italy, Enrico Fermi ranks 3Before him are Alessandro Volta (1745) and Evangelista Torricelli (1608). After him are Luigi Galvani (1737), Laura Bassi (1711), Emilio Segrè (1905), Francesco Maria Grimaldi (1618), Giovanni Battista Venturi (1746), Ettore Majorana (1906), Carlo Rubbia (1934), Galileo Ferraris (1847), and Bruno Pontecorvo (1913).