Antonio Gramsci

1891 - 1937

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Antonio Francesco Gramsci (UK: , US: ; Italian: [anˈtɔːnjo franˈtʃesko ˈɡramʃi] (listen); 22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher, journalist, linguist, writer, and politician. He wrote on philosophy, political theory, sociology, history, and linguistics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Antonio Gramsci has received more than 2,832,997 page views. His biography is available in 88 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 80 in 2019). Antonio Gramsci is the 69th most popular philosopher (down from 62nd in 2019), the 113th most popular biography from Italy (down from 111th in 2019) and the 9th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Antonio Gramsci was a Marxist philosopher and activist who was imprisoned by Mussolini in the 1920s. He is most famous for his theory of cultural hegemony, which explains how the dominant class in society can maintain power by controlling the cultural aspects of society, such as religion, education, and media.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 88

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.50

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.81

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Antonio Gramsci ranks 69 out of 1,089Before him are Rudolf Steiner, Arius, Edmund Husserl, Herbert Spencer, Ramakrishna, and Karl Jaspers. After him are William of Ockham, Jürgen Habermas, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Jeremy Bentham, Anaxagoras, and Roger Bacon.

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Among people born in 1891, Antonio Gramsci ranks 4Before him are Erwin Rommel, Karl Dönitz, and Sergei Prokofiev. After him are Mikhail Bulgakov, Max Ernst, Walter Model, Edith Stein, James Chadwick, Henry Miller, Pär Lagerkvist, and Otto Dix. Among people deceased in 1937, Antonio Gramsci ranks 7Before him are Ernest Rutherford, Pierre de Coubertin, Maurice Ravel, Guglielmo Marconi, Alfred Adler, and John D. Rockefeller. After him are H. P. Lovecraft, Lou Andreas-Salomé, Amelia Earhart, Erich Ludendorff, George Gershwin, and Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Antonio Gramsci ranks 113 out of 4,088Before him are Pope Leo X (1475), Girolamo Savonarola (1452), Michael Collins (1930), Saint Lucy (283), Pope Boniface VIII (1235), and Claudio Monteverdi (1567). After him are Terence Hill (1939), Pope Pius II (1405), Pope Pius III (1439), Gaius Marius (-157), Andrea del Verrocchio (1435), and Pope Pius VII (1742).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Antonio Gramsci ranks 9Before him are Maria Montessori (1870), Parmenides (-501), Zeno of Elea (-490), Lucretius (-94), Empedocles (-490), and Pliny the Elder (23). After him are Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Bonaventure (1221), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Giambattista Vico (1668), and Marsilio Ficino (1433).