Peter Abelard

1079 - 1142

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Peter Abelard (; French: Pierre Abélard; Latin: Petrus Abaelardus or Abailardus; c. 1079 – 21 April 1142) was a medieval French scholastic philosopher, leading logician, theologian, teacher, musician, composer, and poet.In philosophy he is celebrated for his logical solution to the problem of universals via nominalism and conceptualism and his pioneering of intent in ethics. Often referred to as the “Descartes of the twelfth century”, he is considered a forerunner of Rousseau, Kant, and Spinoza. He is sometimes credited as a chief forerunner of modern empiricism.In history and popular culture, he is best known for his passionate and tragic love affair and intense philosophical exchange with his brilliant student and eventual wife, Héloïse d'Argenteuil. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Peter Abelard has received more than 944,075 page views. His biography is available in 73 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 70 in 2019). Peter Abelard is the 59th most popular philosopher (down from 57th in 2019), the 92nd most popular biography from France (down from 87th in 2019) and the 7th most popular French Philosopher.

Peter Abelard is most famous for his work as a philosopher and theologian in the 12th century. He was also a poet, mathematician, and a leading figure in the medieval intellectual movement known as scholasticism.

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Among philosophers, Peter Abelard ranks 59 out of 1,089Before him are John Amos Comenius, Mikhail Bakunin, Lucretius, Empedocles, Pliny the Elder, and Anaximander. After him are Johann Gottlieb Fichte, George Berkeley, Ludwig Feuerbach, Rudolf Steiner, Arius, and Edmund Husserl.

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Among people born in 1079, Peter Abelard ranks 1After him are Kilij Arslan I, Judah Halevi, Gampopa, Yejong of Goryeo, and Emperor Horikawa. Among people deceased in 1142, Peter Abelard ranks 1After him are Yue Fei, Alexios Komnenos, Orderic Vitalis, Godfrey II, Count of Louvain, and Andronikos Komnenos.

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In France

Among people born in France, Peter Abelard ranks 92 out of 5,234Before him are Francis II of France (1544), Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744), Sarah Bernhardt (1844), Marcel Duchamp (1887), Louis IX of France (1214), and Gustave Courbet (1819). After him are Nicolas Poussin (1594), Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864), Charles X of France (1757), Napoleon II (1811), Louis XVIII of France (1755), and André Gide (1869).


Among philosophers born in France, Peter Abelard ranks 7Before him are René Descartes (1596), Montesquieu (1689), Auguste Comte (1798), Michel de Montaigne (1533), Michel Foucault (1926), and Henri Bergson (1859). After him are Jean Bodin (1530), Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809), Roland Barthes (1915), Gilles Deleuze (1925), Charles Fourier (1772), and Henri de Saint-Simon (1760).