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George Berkeley

1685 - 1753

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George Berkeley (; 12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753) – known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne of the Anglican Church of Ireland) – was an Anglo-Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others). This theory denies the existence of material substance and instead contends that familiar objects like tables and chairs are ideas perceived by the mind and, as a result, cannot exist without being perceived. Berkeley is also known for his critique of abstraction, an important premise in his argument for immaterialism.In 1709, Berkeley published his first major work, An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision, in which he discussed the limitations of human vision and advanced the theory that the proper objects of sight are not material objects, but light and colour. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of George Berkeley has received more than 1,586,112 page views. His biography is available in 83 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 78 in 2019). George Berkeley is the 65th most popular philosopher (down from 61st in 2019), the 6th most popular biography from Ireland (down from 5th in 2019) and the most popular Irish Philosopher.

Berkeley is most famous for his theory of esse est percipi or "to be is to be perceived."

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 83

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.29

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.47

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, George Berkeley ranks 65 out of 1,081Before him are Mikhail Bakunin, Edmund Husserl, Gorgias, Pliny the Elder, Ludwig Feuerbach, and Peter Abelard. After him are Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Arius, Antonio Gramsci, Karl Jaspers, Rudolf Steiner, and Ramakrishna.

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Among people born in 1685, George Berkeley ranks 4Before him are Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Domenico Scarlatti, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, Brook Taylor, Johann Maria Farina, Jean-Marc Nattier, Edward England, John Gay, and Bartolomeu de Gusmão. Among people deceased in 1753, George Berkeley ranks 1After him are Balthasar Neumann, Hans Sloane, Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon, Gottfried Silbermann, Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, Johann Nicolaus Bach, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, and Nicolas Fatio de Duillier.

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In Ireland

Among people born in Ireland, George Berkeley ranks 6 out of 501Before him are Oscar Wilde (1854), James Joyce (1882), Robert Boyle (1627), Jonathan Swift (1667), and George Bernard Shaw (1856). After him are Samuel Beckett (1906), Michael Gambon (1940), Edmund Burke (1729), Pierce Brosnan (1953), Bram Stoker (1847), and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769).


Among philosophers born in Ireland, George Berkeley ranks 1After him are John Scotus Eriugena (810), John Toland (1670), James Ussher (1581), G. E. M. Anscombe (1919), and William Thompson (1775).