George Berkeley

1685 - 1753

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George Berkeley (; 12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753) – known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne of the Anglican Church of Ireland) – was an Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others). This theory denies the existence of material substance and instead contends that familiar objects like tables and chairs are ideas perceived by the mind and, as a result, cannot exist without being perceived. Berkeley is also known for his critique of abstraction, an important premise in his argument for immaterialism.In 1709, Berkeley published his first major work, An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision, in which he discussed the limitations of human vision and advanced the theory that the proper objects of sight are not material objects, but light and colour. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of George Berkeley has received more than 1,449,342 page views. His biography is available in 78 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 75 in 2019). George Berkeley is the 61st most popular philosopher (up from 66th in 2019), the 5th most popular biography from Ireland (up from 6th in 2019) and the most popular Irish Philosopher.

Berkeley is most famous for his theory of esse est percipi or "to be is to be perceived."

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Among philosophers, George Berkeley ranks 61 out of 1,089Before him are Lucretius, Empedocles, Pliny the Elder, Anaximander, Peter Abelard, and Johann Gottlieb Fichte. After him are Ludwig Feuerbach, Rudolf Steiner, Arius, Edmund Husserl, Herbert Spencer, and Ramakrishna.

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Among people born in 1685, George Berkeley ranks 4Before him are Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Domenico Scarlatti, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, Brook Taylor, Johann Maria Farina, Jean-Marc Nattier, Edward England, John Gay, and William Kent. Among people deceased in 1753, George Berkeley ranks 1After him are Balthasar Neumann, Hans Sloane, Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon, Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Gottfried Silbermann, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, and Nicolas Fatio de Duillier.

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In Ireland

Among people born in Ireland, George Berkeley ranks 5 out of 460Before him are Oscar Wilde (1854), Jonathan Swift (1667), James Joyce (1882), and George Bernard Shaw (1856). After him are Robert Boyle (1627), Samuel Beckett (1906), Michael Gambon (1940), Bram Stoker (1847), Edmund Burke (1729), Francis Bacon (1909), and Peter O'Toole (1932).


Among philosophers born in Ireland, George Berkeley ranks 1After him are John Scotus Eriugena (810), James Ussher (1581), John Toland (1670), and G. E. M. Anscombe (1919).