500 BC - 428 BC

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Anaxagoras (; Greek: Ἀναξαγόρας, Anaxagóras, "lord of the assembly"; c.  500 – c.  428 BC) was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. Born in Clazomenae at a time when Asia Minor was under the control of the Persian Empire, Anaxagoras came to Athens. According to Diogenes Laërtius and Plutarch, in later life he was charged with impiety and went into exile in Lampsacus; the charges may have been political, owing to his association with Pericles, if they were not fabricated by later ancient biographers.Responding to the claims of Parmenides on the impossibility of change, Anaxagoras described the world as a mixture of primary imperishable ingredients, where material variation was never caused by an absolute presence of a particular ingredient, but rather by its relative preponderance over the other ingredients; in his words, "each one is... Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Anaxagoras has received more than 752,397 page views. His biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 73 in 2019). Anaxagoras is the 74th most popular philosopher (up from 75th in 2019), the 44th most popular biography from Turkey (up from 47th in 2019) and the 5th most popular Turkish Philosopher.

Anaxagoras was most famous for his theory that the sun is a red-hot stone, and that the moon is made of earth.

Memorability Metrics

  • 750k

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  • 81.75

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.13

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.90

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Anaxagoras ranks 74 out of 1,089Before him are Karl Jaspers, Antonio Gramsci, William of Ockham, Jürgen Habermas, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, and Jeremy Bentham. After him are Roger Bacon, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Epictetus, Zeno of Citium, Xenophanes, and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola.

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Among people born in 500 BC, Anaxagoras ranks 1After him are Myron, Artaxerxes I of Persia, Xanthippe, Leucippus, Artemisia I of Caria, Brennus, Ezra, Cyrus the Younger, Xerxes II of Persia, Sogdianus of Persia, and Ictinus. Among people deceased in 428 BC, Anaxagoras ranks 1After him is Phormio.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Anaxagoras ranks 44 out of 1,128Before him are Suleiman II (1642), Basil of Caesarea (329), Mahmud II (1785), Mehmed I (1386), Mehmed VI (1861), and Julian (331). After him are Epictetus (50), Croesus (-596), Xenophanes (-570), Constantine XI Palaiologos (1404), Aristotle Onassis (1906), and Mihrimah Sultan (1522).


Among philosophers born in Turkey, Anaxagoras ranks 5Before him are Heraclitus (-535), Thales of Miletus (-623), Diogenes (-404), and Anaximander (-610). After him are Epictetus (50), Xenophanes (-570), Gregory of Nazianzus (329), Ibn Taymiyyah (1263), Chrysippus (-281), Posidonius (-135), and Anaximenes of Miletus (-585).