Michel de Montaigne

1533 - 1592

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Michel Eyquem de Montaigne ( mon-TAYN; French: [miʃɛl ekɛm də mɔ̃tɛɲ]; 28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592), also known as Lord of Montaigne, was one of the most significant philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre. His work is noted for its merging of casual anecdotes and autobiography with intellectual insight. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Michel de Montaigne has received more than 1,511,348 page views. His biography is available in 82 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 79 in 2019). Michel de Montaigne is the 39th most popular philosopher (up from 43rd in 2019), the 48th most popular biography from France (up from 54th in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Philosopher.

Michel de Montaigne is most famous for his essays, which are written in a personal and informal style.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.09

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 82

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Michel de Montaigne ranks 39 out of 1,089. Before him are Martin Heidegger, Søren Kierkegaard, Auguste Comte, Sun Tzu, Plutarch, and Al-Ghazali. After him are Ludwig Wittgenstein, Maria Montessori, Parmenides, Origen, Thomas More, and Al-Farabi.

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Among people born in 1533, Michel de Montaigne ranks 2Before him is Elizabeth I of England. After him are William the Silent, Stephen Báthory, Eric XIV of Sweden, Giacomo della Porta, Ismail II, Andrea Gabrieli, Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland, Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, Claudio Merulo, and Hieronymus Fabricius. Among people deceased in 1592, Michel de Montaigne ranks 1After him are John III of Sweden, Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France, Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma, Jacopo Bassano, Bartolomeo Ammannati, Thomas Cavendish, Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli, William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, and William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.

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In France

Among people born in France, Michel de Montaigne ranks 48 out of 5,234. Before him are Coco Chanel (1883), Édouard Manet (1832), Philip IV of France (1268), Eugène Delacroix (1798), Claude Debussy (1862), and Claudius (-10). After him are Gustave Flaubert (1821), André-Marie Ampère (1775), Auguste Rodin (1840), Pierre de Coubertin (1863), Louis XIII of France (1601), and Cardinal Richelieu (1585).


Among philosophers born in France, Michel de Montaigne ranks 4Before him are René Descartes (1596), Montesquieu (1689), and Auguste Comte (1798). After him are Michel Foucault (1926), Henri Bergson (1859), Peter Abelard (1079), Jean Bodin (1530), Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809), Roland Barthes (1915), Gilles Deleuze (1925), and Charles Fourier (1772).