Charles Fourier

1772 - 1837

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François Marie Charles Fourier (;French: [ʃaʁl fuʁje]; 7 April 1772 – 10 October 1837) was a French philosopher, an influential early socialist thinker and one of the founders of utopian socialism. Some of Fourier's social and moral views, held to be radical in his lifetime, have become mainstream thinking in modern society. For instance, Fourier is credited with having originated the word feminism in 1837.Fourier's social views and proposals inspired a whole movement of intentional communities. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Charles Fourier has received more than 855,818 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Charles Fourier is the 119th most popular philosopher (down from 111th in 2019), the 232nd most popular biography from France (down from 214th in 2019) and the 12th most popular French Philosopher.

Charles Fourier was a French philosopher and social reformer. He is most famous for his theory of the four phases of society, which he believed were the "Asiatic," "Aquatic," "Feminine," and "Industrial."

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Among philosophers, Charles Fourier ranks 119 out of 1,089Before him are Aristippus, Zhu Xi, John Rawls, Emil Cioran, Ibn Arabi, and Mozi. After him are Hans-Georg Gadamer, John Wycliffe, Duns Scotus, Giambattista Vico, Marsilio Ficino, and Oswald Spengler.

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Among people born in 1772, Charles Fourier ranks 3Before him are David Ricardo and Novalis. After him are William I of the Netherlands, Friedrich Schlegel, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Ram Mohan Roy, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Nachman of Breslov, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, and Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien. Among people deceased in 1837, Charles Fourier ranks 3Before him are Alexander Pushkin and William IV of the United Kingdom. After him are Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, John Constable, Hortense de Beauharnais, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Georg Büchner, Giacomo Leopardi, François Gérard, Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands, and John Field.

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In France

Among people born in France, Charles Fourier ranks 232 out of 5,234Before him are François Truffaut (1932), Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796), Philip III of France (1245), Charles XIV John of Sweden (1763), Léon Foucault (1819), and Jacques de Molay (1243). After him are Georges Cuvier (1769), Irène Joliot-Curie (1897), Philip V of France (1293), Elisabeth of Valois (1545), Henri Charrière (1906), and Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan (1640).


Among philosophers born in France, Charles Fourier ranks 12Before him are Henri Bergson (1859), Peter Abelard (1079), Jean Bodin (1530), Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809), Roland Barthes (1915), and Gilles Deleuze (1925). After him are Henri de Saint-Simon (1760), Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908), Jean Baudrillard (1929), Simone Weil (1909), Marquis de Condorcet (1743), and Claude Adrien Helvétius (1715).