1689 - 1755


Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (; French: [mɔ̃tɛskjø]; 18 January 1689 – 10 February 1755), generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher. He is the principal source of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word "despotism" in the political lexicon. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Montesquieu has received more than 2,552,917 page views. His biography is available in 94 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 21st most popular philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 84.14

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 94

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.74

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.34

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Montesquieus by language


Among philosophers, Montesquieu ranks 20 out of 1,005Before him are Francis Bacon, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Thomas Aquinas, John Locke, Baruch Spinoza, and Seneca the Younger. After him are Epicurus, Thomas Hobbes, Arthur Schopenhauer, Heraclitus, Erasmus, and Thales of Miletus.

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Among people born in 1689, Montesquieu ranks 1After him are John V of Portugal, Samuel Richardson, Jacques I, Prince of Monaco, Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, Samuel Bellamy, Blas de Lezo, Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer, and Alexis Piron. Among people deceased in 1755, Montesquieu ranks 1After him are Gerard Majella, Francesco Durante, Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, Johann Georg Gmelin, Johann Georg Pisendel, Jean-Baptiste Oudry, Philipp Stamma, Stepan Krasheninnikov, Edward Braddock, and Maurice Greene.

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In France

Among people born in France, Montesquieu ranks 14 out of 4,109Before him are Molière (1622), Louis Pasteur (1822), Claude Monet (1840), Jules Verne (1828), Nostradamus (1503), and Jean-Paul Sartre (1905). After him are Louis XVI of France (1754), Honoré de Balzac (1799), Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900), Charles de Gaulle (1890), Paul Gauguin (1848), and John Calvin (1509).


Among philosophers born in France, Montesquieu ranks 2Before him are René Descartes (1596). After him are Auguste Comte (1798), Michel Foucault (1926), Michel de Montaigne (1533), Henri Bergson (1859), Peter Abelard (1079), Jean Bodin (1530), Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809), Roland Barthes (1915), Gilles Deleuze (1925), and Charles Fourier (1772).

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