1058 - 1111

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Al-Ghazali (UK: , US: ; full name أَبُو حَامِدٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ ٱلطُّوسِيُّ ٱلْغَزَالِيُّ or ٱلْغَزَّالِيُّ, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad aṭ-Ṭūsiyy al-Ġaz(z)ālīy; Latinized Algazelus or Algazel; c. 1058 – 19 December 1111), known in Persian-speaking countries as Imam Muhammad-i Ghazali (Persian: امام محمد غزالی), was a Persian polymath, who was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, logicians and mystics, of Islam.Most Muslims consider him to be a Mujaddid, a renewer of the faith who, according to the prophetic hadith, appears once every century to restore the faith of the ummah ("the Islamic Community"). His works were so highly acclaimed by his contemporaries that al-Ghazali was awarded the honorific title "Proof of Islam" (Hujjat al-Islām).Al-Ghazali believed that the Islamic spiritual tradition had become moribund and that the spiritual sciences taught by the first generation of Muslims had been forgotten. This belief lead him to write his magnum opus entitled Iḥyā’ ‘ulūm ad-dīn ("The Revival of the Religious Sciences"). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Al-Ghazali has received more than 2,144,104 page views. His biography is available in 108 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 107 in 2019). Al-Ghazali is the 38th most popular philosopher (up from 45th in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from Iran (up from 5th in 2019) and the most popular Iranian Philosopher.

Al-Ghazali is most famous for writing the book "The Incoherence of the Philosophers" in which he argues that philosophy and science are not compatible with Islam.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 108

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.19

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.21

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Al-Ghazalis by language


Among philosophers, Al-Ghazali ranks 38 out of 1,089Before him are Laozi, Martin Heidegger, Søren Kierkegaard, Auguste Comte, Sun Tzu, and Plutarch. After him are Michel de Montaigne, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Maria Montessori, Parmenides, Origen, and Thomas More.

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Among people born in 1058, Al-Ghazali ranks 1After him are Baldwin I of Jerusalem and Odo I, Duke of Burgundy. Among people deceased in 1111, Al-Ghazali ranks 1After him are Bohemond I of Antioch, Robert of Molesme, Robert II, Count of Flanders, Antipope Sylvester IV, and Roger Borsa.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Al-Ghazali ranks 4 out of 463Before him are Zoroaster (-2000), Omar Khayyam (1048), and Xerxes I (-519). After him are Darius III (-380), Ruhollah Khomeini (1902), Cyrus the Great (-600), Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), Harun al-Rashid (766), Esther (-600), Ismail I (1487), and Jabir ibn Hayyan (721).

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Among philosophers born in Iran, Al-Ghazali ranks 1After him are Al-Tabari (839), Bayazid Bastami (804), Mazdak (450), Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi (1155), Haji Bektash Veli (1209), Miskawayh (932), Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149), Mulla Sadra (1571), Ibn al-Rawandi (827), Al-Shahrastani (1086), and Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai (1892).