Mikhail Botvinnik

1911 - 1995

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Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Russian: Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник, pronounced [mʲɪxɐˈil məɪˈsʲejɪvʲɪtɕ bɐˈtvʲinʲnʲɪk]; August 17 [O.S. August 4] 1911 – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet chess player. The sixth World Chess Champion, he also worked as an electrical engineer and computer scientist and was a pioneer of computer chess. Botvinnik was the first world-class player to develop within the Soviet Union. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mikhail Botvinnik has received more than 525,367 page views. His biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). Mikhail Botvinnik is the 7th most popular chess player (up from 9th in 2019), the 122nd most popular biography from Russia (up from 123rd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Russian Chess Player.

Mikhail Botvinnik is most famous for being the first world chess champion from the Soviet Union.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

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    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.37

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chess players, Mikhail Botvinnik ranks 7 out of 376Before him are Bobby Fischer, Wilhelm Steinitz, Boris Spassky, Mikhail Tal, Alexander Alekhine, and José Raúl Capablanca. After him are Emanuel Lasker, Tigran Petrosian, Max Euwe, Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov, and François-André Danican Philidor.

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Among people born in 1911, Mikhail Botvinnik ranks 16Before him are Władysław Szpilman, Võ Nguyên Giáp, William Golding, Marshall McLuhan, Jack Ruby, and Todor Zhivkov. After him are Robert Johnson, Czesław Miłosz, Tennessee Williams, Joseph Barbera, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, and Melvin Calvin. Among people deceased in 1995, Mikhail Botvinnik ranks 9Before him are Juan Manuel Fangio, Emil Cioran, Harold Wilson, Michael Ende, Emmanuel Levinas, and Konrad Zuse. After him are Anatoly Dyatlov, Gunnar Nordahl, Dean Martin, Eugene Wigner, Alec Douglas-Home, and Adolf Butenandt.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Mikhail Botvinnik ranks 122 out of 2,688Before him are Vladimir Komarov (1927), Nikolai Lobachevsky (1792), Alexander Kolchak (1874), Vasili III of Russia (1479), Mikhail Sholokhov (1905), and Arnold Sommerfeld (1868). After him are Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (1899), Anatoly Dyatlov (1931), Alexei Leonov (1934), Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (1897), Tokhtamysh (1342), and Otto Wallach (1847).


Among chess players born in Russia, Mikhail Botvinnik ranks 3Before him are Boris Spassky (1937) and Alexander Alekhine (1892). After him are Anatoly Karpov (1951), Viktor Korchnoi (1931), Vasily Smyslov (1921), Vera Menchik (1906), Mikhail Chigorin (1850), Savielly Tartakower (1887), Andor Lilienthal (1911), Olga Rubtsova (1909), and Yuri Averbakh (1922).