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Arnold Sommerfeld

1868 - 1951

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Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, (German: [ˈzɔmɐˌfɛlt]; 5 December 1868 – 26 April 1951) was a German theoretical physicist who pioneered developments in atomic and quantum physics, and also educated and mentored many students for the new era of theoretical physics. He served as doctoral supervisor for many Nobel Prize winners in physics and chemistry (only J. J. Thomson's record of mentorship is comparable to his). He introduced the second quantum number (azimuthal quantum number) and the third quantum number (magnetic quantum number). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arnold Sommerfeld has received more than 622,399 page views. His biography is available in 60 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Arnold Sommerfeld is the 88th most popular physicist (down from 82nd in 2019), the 128th most popular biography from Russia (down from 121st in 2019) and the 5th most popular Russian Physicist.

Arnold Sommerfeld is most famous for his contributions to quantum mechanics, as well as his work on atomic spectra.

Memorability Metrics

  • 620k

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  • 68.67

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 60

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.91

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.06

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 88 out of 717Before him are Johannes Stark, Carl David Anderson, Barry Barish, Clinton Davisson, Eugene Wigner, and John Bardeen. After him are Peter Higgs, Paul Langevin, Arthur Compton, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Dennis Gabor, and James Franck.

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Among people born in 1868, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 13Before him are Constantine I of Greece, Robert Andrews Millikan, Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, Gichin Funakoshi, and Emanuel Lasker. After him are Peter Behrens, Robert Falcon Scott, Gertrude Bell, Fuad I of Egypt, Gaston Leroux, and Florence Foster Jenkins. Among people deceased in 1951, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 9Before him are Philippe Pétain, Ferdinand Porsche, Arnold Schoenberg, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, and Abdullah I of Jordan. After him are René Guénon, Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Hermann Broch, Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, August Horch, and Otto Ohlendorf.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 128 out of 3,262Before him are Feodor II of Russia (1589), Boris Spassky (1937), Mikhail Lermontov (1814), Olga of Kiev (890), Nikolai Lobachevsky (1792), and Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (1897). After him are Mikhail Glinka (1804), Anatoly Dyatlov (1931), Alexei Rykov (1881), Alexander Kolchak (1874), Mikhail Botvinnik (1911), and Aleksandr Vasilevsky (1895).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Arnold Sommerfeld ranks 5Before him are Gustav Kirchhoff (1824), Andrei Sakharov (1921), Wilhelm Wien (1864), and Mikhail Lomonosov (1711). After him are Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Tamm (1895), Igor Kurchatov (1903), Pyotr Kapitsa (1894), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Ilya Frank (1908), and Nikolay Basov (1922).