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Erik Erikson

1902 - 1994

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Erik Homburger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings. He coined the phrase identity crisis. Despite lacking a university degree, Erikson served as a professor at prominent institutions, including Harvard, University of California, Berkeley, and Yale. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Erik Erikson has received more than 2,647,149 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Erik Erikson is the 12th most popular psychologist (down from 10th in 2019), the 95th most popular biography from Germany (down from 90th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular German Psychologist.

Erik Erikson is most famous for his theory of psychosocial development. He believed that development occurs in eight stages and that each stage is a conflict that must be resolved in order to progress to the next stage.

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  • 2.37

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Among psychologists, Erik Erikson ranks 12 out of 183Before him are Wilhelm Wundt, Lev Vygotsky, Erich Fromm, John Dewey, Jacques Lacan, and William James. After him are Viktor Frankl, Carl Rogers, Gustave Le Bon, Albert Bandura, John B. Watson, and Kurt Lewin.

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Among people born in 1902, Erik Erikson ranks 4Before him are Karl Popper, Charles Lindbergh, and Ruhollah Khomeini. After him are Carl Rogers, Paul Dirac, Leni Riefenstahl, Georgy Malenkov, John Steinbeck, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Talcott Parsons, and Halldór Laxness. Among people deceased in 1994, Erik Erikson ranks 6Before him are Kim Il-sung, Karl Popper, Richard Nixon, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and Charles Bukowski. After him are Erich Honecker, Elias Canetti, Eugène Ionesco, Linus Pauling, Ayrton Senna, and Burt Lancaster.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Erik Erikson ranks 95 out of 6,142Before him are Jürgen Habermas (1929), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775), Wilhelm Keitel (1882), Friedrich Paulus (1890), Claus von Stauffenberg (1907), and Gerhard Schröder (1944). After him are William Herschel (1738), Theodor Mommsen (1817), Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1050), Walter Gropius (1883), Ernst Haeckel (1834), and Nicholas of Cusa (1401).


Among psychologists born in Germany, Erik Erikson ranks 3Before him are Wilhelm Wundt (1832) and Erich Fromm (1900). After him are Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850), Karen Horney (1885), Hans Eysenck (1916), Fritz Perls (1893), Ernst Kretschmer (1888), Kurt Koffka (1886), Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795), Karl Abraham (1877), and William Stern (1871).