William Stern

1871 - 1938

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William Stern (April 29, 1871 – March 27, 1938), born Louis William Stern, was a German psychologist and philosopher. He is known for the development of personalistic psychology, which placed emphasis on the individual by examining measurable personality traits as well as the interaction of those traits within each person to create the self. Stern also coined the term intelligence quotient, or IQ, and invented the tone variator as a new way to study human perception of sound. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of William Stern has received more than 14,417 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia. William Stern is the 76th most popular psychologist (down from 67th in 2019), the 941st most popular biography from Germany (down from 847th in 2019) and the 10th most popular German Psychologist.

William Stern is most famous for his work in the field of psychology, specifically in the study of intelligence. He created the term IQ, and was the first to measure intelligence in a standardized way.

Memorability Metrics

  • 14k

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  • 70.03

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.26

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.98

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, William Stern ranks 76 out of 182Before him are Edward B. Titchener, David Wechsler, Mary Ainsworth, Paul Watzlawick, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, and Stanislav Grof. After him are Karl Abraham, George Armitage Miller, Frederick Herzberg, Ludwig Binswanger, Kurt Koffka, and Muzafer Sherif.

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Among people born in 1871, William Stern ranks 29Before him are Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia, Lyonel Feininger, Maurice Garin, Ernst Zermelo, Alexander von Zemlinsky, and Stjepan Radić. After him are Cordell Hull, Leonid Andreyev, Walter Bradford Cannon, Christian Morgenstern, Nicolae Iorga, and Willem Mengelberg. Among people deceased in 1938, William Stern ranks 40Before him are Suzanne Lenglen, Christian Lous Lange, Branislav Nušić, Otto Bauer, Alfonso, Prince of Asturias, and Nikolai Trubetzkoy. After him are Ernst Barlach, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Joseph Bédier, Yakov Yurovsky, Ernst vom Rath, and Andrej Hlinka.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, William Stern ranks 941 out of 5,289Before him are Rudolf Erich Raspe (1736), Walther Flemming (1843), Johannes Althusius (1563), Thomas Bach (1953), Florian Geyer (1490), and Sebastian Münster (1488). After him are Georg-Hans Reinhardt (1887), Bernhard Schlink (1944), Henry I, Duke of Bavaria (920), Walter Baade (1893), Hans-Dietrich Genscher (1927), and Adam Elsheimer (1578).


Among psychologists born in Germany, William Stern ranks 10Before him are Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850), Hans Eysenck (1916), Karen Horney (1885), Fritz Perls (1893), Ernst Kretschmer (1888), and Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795). After him are Karl Abraham (1877), Kurt Koffka (1886), Karl Bühler (1879), Rudolf Arnheim (1904), Adolf Bastian (1826), and Marie-Louise von Franz (1915).