Ernst Haeckel

1834 - 1919

Ernst Haeckel

Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (German: [ˈʔɛɐ̯nst ˈhɛkl̩]; 16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German zoologist, naturalist, eugenicist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including ecology, phylum, phylogeny, and Protista. Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny. The published artwork of Haeckel includes over 100 detailed, multi-colour illustrations of animals and sea creatures, collected in his Kunstformen der Natur ("Art Forms of Nature"). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ernst Haeckel has received more than 1,061,859 page views. His biography is available in 77 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 8th most popular biologist.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 74.73

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 77

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.57

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.51

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Ernst Haeckel ranks 8 out of 686Before him are Carl Linnaeus, Gregor Mendel, Alexander Fleming, Ivan Pavlov, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, and Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. After him are Konrad Lorenz, Karl Landsteiner, Peter Kropotkin, James Watson, Georges Cuvier, and Alfred Russel Wallace.

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Among people born in 1834, Ernst Haeckel ranks 4Before him are Dmitri Mendeleev, Edgar Degas, and Gottlieb Daimler. After him are William Morris, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, John Venn, Duchess Helene in Bavaria, August Weismann, Léon Walras, Amilcare Ponchielli, and Jan Neruda. Among people deceased in 1919, Ernst Haeckel ranks 4Before him are Rosa Luxemburg, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Theodore Roosevelt. After him are Emil Fischer, Emiliano Zapata, Karl Liebknecht, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Ruggero Leoncavallo, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Gojong of Korea, and Andrew Carnegie.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Ernst Haeckel ranks 93 out of 3,763Before him are Willy Brandt (1913), Theodor Mommsen (1817), Peter III of Russia (1728), Helmut Kohl (1930), Carl Maria von Weber (1786), and Walter Benjamin (1892). After him are Franz Beckenbauer (1945), Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1050), Leopold Mozart (1719), Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (1368), Baron Munchausen (1720), and Nikolaus Otto (1832).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Germany

Among biologists born in Germany, Ernst Haeckel ranks 1After him are Maria Sibylla Merian (1647), Peter Simon Pallas (1741), Hans Spemann (1869), Harald zur Hausen (1936), August Weismann (1834), Albrecht Kossel (1853), Theodor Schwann (1810), Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1804), Ernst Mayr (1904), Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795), and Johann Friedrich Gmelin (1748).

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