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Gustave Le Bon

1841 - 1931

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Charles-Marie Gustave Le Bon (French: [ɡystav lə bɔ̃]; 7 May 1841 – 13 December 1931) was a leading French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, which is considered one of the seminal works of crowd psychology.A native of Nogent-le-Rotrou, Le Bon qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Paris in 1866. He opted against the formal practice of medicine as a physician, instead beginning his writing career the same year of his graduation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gustave Le Bon has received more than 684,977 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 48 in 2019). Gustave Le Bon is the 15th most popular psychologist, the 194th most popular biography from France (up from 198th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular French Psychologist.

Gustave le bon is most famous for his theory of crowd psychology. He believed that crowds are composed of three types of people: the intelligent, the semi-intelligent, and the imbeciles. The intelligent and semi-intelligent people are able to think for themselves and form their own opinions, but the imbeciles do not have the mental capacity to think for themselves and instead follow the opinions of the intelligent and semi-intelligent people.

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Among psychologists, Gustave Le Bon ranks 15 out of 183Before him are John Dewey, Jacques Lacan, William James, Erik Erikson, Viktor Frankl, and Carl Rogers. After him are Albert Bandura, John B. Watson, Kurt Lewin, B. F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, and Melanie Klein.

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Among people born in 1841, Gustave Le Bon ranks 4Before him are Antonín Dvořák, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edward VII. After him are Georges Clemenceau, Berthe Morisot, Henry Morton Stanley, Henri Fayol, Otto Wagner, Itō Hirobumi, Frédéric Bazille, and Emil Theodor Kocher. Among people deceased in 1931, Gustave Le Bon ranks 2Before him is Thomas Edison. After him are Khalil Gibran, Lili Elbe, Anna Pavlova, Omar Mukhtar, Otto Wallach, Geli Raubal, Arthur Schnitzler, Albert A. Michelson, Erik Axel Karlfeldt, and George Herbert Mead.

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In France

Among people born in France, Gustave Le Bon ranks 194 out of 6,011Before him are Louis VII of France (1120), Alfred Sisley (1839), Alfred Dreyfus (1859), Guy of Lusignan (1150), Roland Barthes (1915), and André Breton (1896). After him are Vilfredo Pareto (1848), Jean Racine (1639), Georges Pompidou (1911), Jacques de Molay (1243), Pope Clement VI (1291), and Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (1113).


Among psychologists born in France, Gustave Le Bon ranks 2Before him are Jacques Lacan (1901). After him are Alfred Binet (1857), Princess Marie Bonaparte (1882), Pierre Janet (1859), Théodule-Armand Ribot (1839), Émile Coué (1857), Henri Wallon (1879), Françoise Dolto (1908), Jean Laplanche (1924), and Boris Cyrulnik (1937).