Gustave Le Bon

1841 - 1931

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Charles-Marie Gustave Le Bon (French: [ɡystav lə bɔ̃]; 7 May 1841 – 13 December 1931) was a leading French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, which is considered one of the seminal works of crowd psychology.A native of Nogent-le-Rotrou, Le Bon qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Paris in 1866. He opted against the formal practice of medicine as a physician, instead beginning his writing career the same year of his graduation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gustave Le Bon has received more than 572,706 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Gustave Le Bon is the 15th most popular psychologist, the 198th most popular biography from France (up from 227th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular French Psychologist.

Gustave le bon is most famous for his theory of crowd psychology. He believed that crowds are composed of three types of people: the intelligent, the semi-intelligent, and the imbeciles. The intelligent and semi-intelligent people are able to think for themselves and form their own opinions, but the imbeciles do not have the mental capacity to think for themselves and instead follow the opinions of the intelligent and semi-intelligent people.

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Among psychologists, Gustave Le Bon ranks 15 out of 182Before him are Lev Vygotsky, Erik Erikson, Wilhelm Wundt, William James, Carl Rogers, and Viktor Frankl. After him are Anna Freud, John B. Watson, Albert Bandura, Edward Thorndike, Kurt Lewin, and B. F. Skinner.

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Among people born in 1841, Gustave Le Bon ranks 4Before him are Antonín Dvořák, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edward VII. After him are Georges Clemenceau, Berthe Morisot, Otto Wagner, Henry Morton Stanley, Henri Fayol, Frédéric Bazille, Itō Hirobumi, and Gerhard Armauer Hansen. Among people deceased in 1931, Gustave Le Bon ranks 2Before him is Thomas Edison. After him are Khalil Gibran, Anna Pavlova, Lili Elbe, George Herbert Mead, Geli Raubal, Arthur Schnitzler, Albert A. Michelson, Otto Wallach, Omar Mukhtar, and Theo van Doesburg.

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In France

Among people born in France, Gustave Le Bon ranks 198 out of 5,234Before him are Henri Rousseau (1844), Henry II of England (1133), Cyrano de Bergerac (1619), Jean Racine (1639), Margaret of Valois (1553), and François-René de Chateaubriand (1768). After him are Jean-Luc Godard (1930), Louis, Grand Dauphin (1661), Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon (1635), John II of France (1319), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), and Guy of Lusignan (1150).


Among psychologists born in France, Gustave Le Bon ranks 2Before him are Jacques Lacan (1901). After him are Alfred Binet (1857), Princess Marie Bonaparte (1882), Pierre Janet (1859), Théodule-Armand Ribot (1839), Émile Coué (1857), Henri Wallon (1879), Françoise Dolto (1908), and Jean Laplanche (1924).