Ernst Kretschmer

1888 - 1964

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Ernst Kretschmer (8 October 1888 – 8 February 1964) was a German psychiatrist who researched the human constitution and established a typology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ernst Kretschmer has received more than 175,592 page views. His biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 22 in 2019). Ernst Kretschmer is the 59th most popular psychologist (down from 55th in 2019), the 712th most popular biography from Germany (down from 684th in 2019) and the 8th most popular German Psychologist.

Ernst Kretschmer was a German psychiatrist who is most famous for his work on the somatotype theory. He believed that there were three body types: endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph.

Memorability Metrics

  • 180k

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  • 71.56

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.50

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.64

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, Ernst Kretschmer ranks 59 out of 182Before him are Aaron T. Beck, Philip Zimbardo, Stanley Milgram, Edward C. Tolman, Solomon Asch, and Fritz Perls. After him are Ernst Heinrich Weber, Margaret Mahler, Pierre Janet, Roger Wolcott Sperry, Martin Seligman, and Bruno Bettelheim.

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Among people born in 1888, Ernst Kretschmer ranks 37Before him are Inge Lehmann, Maurice Chevalier, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., Josef Albers, and Georges Bernanos. After him are Oskar Schlemmer, Richard E. Byrd, Herbert Spencer Gasser, Carin Göring, August Kubizek, and John Foster Dulles. Among people deceased in 1964, Ernst Kretschmer ranks 22Before him are Leo Szilard, Giorgio Morandi, Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Otto Grotewohl, and Palmiro Togliatti. After him are Otto Wille Kuusinen, Alexander Archipenko, Cole Porter, Prince Pierre, Duke of Valentinois, Paulino Alcántara, and Alexandre Koyré.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Ernst Kretschmer ranks 712 out of 5,289Before him are Alfred Hugenberg (1865), Heinrich Louis d'Arrest (1822), Fritz Perls (1893), George, King of Saxony (1832), Margot Frank (1926), and Walther Wenck (1900). After him are Ottmar Hitzfeld (1949), Clemens Brentano (1778), Edith Frank (1900), Franz Stuck (1863), Hans Sachs (1494), and Gottfried Semper (1803).


Among psychologists born in Germany, Ernst Kretschmer ranks 8Before him are Erik Erikson (1902), Wilhelm Wundt (1832), Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850), Hans Eysenck (1916), Karen Horney (1885), and Fritz Perls (1893). After him are Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795), William Stern (1871), Karl Abraham (1877), Kurt Koffka (1886), Karl Bühler (1879), and Rudolf Arnheim (1904).