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Fred Hoyle

1915 - 2001

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Sir Fred Hoyle FRS (24 June 1915 – 20 August 2001) was an English astronomer who formulated the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis and was one of the authors of the influential B2FH paper. He also held controversial stances on other scientific matters—in particular his rejection of the "Big Bang" theory (a term coined by him on BBC Radio) in favor of the "steady-state model", and his promotion of panspermia as the origin of life on Earth. He also wrote science fiction novels, short stories and radio plays, and co-authored twelve books with his son, Geoffrey Hoyle. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Fred Hoyle has received more than 956,940 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 56 in 2019). Fred Hoyle is the 32nd most popular astronomer (up from 37th in 2019), the 397th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 419th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular British Astronomer.

Fred Hoyle is most famous for his work in the field of stellar nucleosynthesis. He was also a proponent of the steady-state theory of the universe.

Memorability Metrics

  • 960k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.35

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.79

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among astronomers, Fred Hoyle ranks 32 out of 531Before him are Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, Jamshīd al-Kāshī, Roger Joseph Boscovich, Avempace, William Alfred Fowler, and Johann Gottfried Galle. After him are Johann Bayer, Caroline Herschel, Wilhelm Schickard, Michel Mayor, Adolphe Quetelet, and Jan Oort.

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Among people born in 1915, Fred Hoyle ranks 23Before him are Yitzhak Shamir, Joachim Peiper, Paul Tibbets, Aung San, Sviatoslav Richter, and Saul Bellow. After him are Hu Yaobang, Les Paul, Curd Jürgens, Charles H. Townes, Robert Hofstadter, and Norman Foster Ramsey Jr.. Among people deceased in 2001, Fred Hoyle ranks 16Before him are Herbert A. Simon, Didi, Christiaan Barnard, Sabiha Gökçen, Léopold Sédar Senghor, and Iannis Xenakis. After him are Wilhelm Mohnke, Laurent-Désiré Kabila, Ernst Gombrich, Alberto Korda, William Hanna, and Robert Ludlum.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Fred Hoyle ranks 397 out of 7,765Before him are Christian de Duve (1917), Margot Fonteyn (1919), John Wesley (1703), Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (1453), J. M. Barrie (1860), and Ian Holm (1931). After him are Frank Whittle (1907), Robert Fripp (1946), Richard Owen (1804), John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650), Prince Andrew, Duke of York (1960), and Jim Clark (1936).

Among ASTRONOMERS In United Kingdom

Among astronomers born in United Kingdom, Fred Hoyle ranks 3Before him are Edmond Halley (1656) and Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943). After him are Arthur Eddington (1882), James Bradley (1693), John Flamsteed (1646), Martin Ryle (1918), George Darwin (1845), William Lassell (1799), Stephen Gray (1666), Antony Hewish (1924), and William Huggins (1824).