Christian de Duve

1917 - 2013

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Christian René Marie Joseph, Viscount de Duve (2 October 1917 – 4 May 2013) was a Nobel Prize-winning Belgian cytologist and biochemist. He made serendipitous discoveries of two cell organelles, peroxisome and lysosome, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974 with Albert Claude and George E. Palade ("for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"). In addition to peroxisome and lysosome, he invented scientific names such as autophagy, endocytosis, and exocytosis in a single occasion.The son of Belgian refugees during the First World War, de Duve was born in Thames Ditton, Surrey, England. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Christian de Duve has received more than 193,258 page views. His biography is available in 55 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Christian de Duve is the 47th most popular biologist (down from 39th in 2019), the 466th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 380th in 2019) and the 10th most popular British Biologist.

Christian de Duve is most famous for his discovery of lysosomes in the late 1960s. Lysosomes are organelles that digest macromolecules, such as proteins and lipids, and then break them down into smaller molecules.

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  • 55

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.03

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.75

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Christian de Duve ranks 47 out of 844Before him are Harald zur Hausen, Jean-Henri Fabre, René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, Adelbert von Chamisso, Erasmus Darwin, and Robert Brown. After him are Theodor Schwann, Hans Spemann, Hugo de Vries, Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Albrecht Kossel, and Ernst Mayr.

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Among people born in 1917, Christian de Duve ranks 20Before him are Sidney Sheldon, I. M. Pei, Kenan Evren, Óscar Romero, Ferdinand Marcos, and Anthony Burgess. After him are Robert Mitchum, Otto Günsche, John Lee Hooker, Sven Hassel, Nur Muhammad Taraki, and Edward Norton Lorenz. Among people deceased in 2013, Christian de Duve ranks 23Before him are Giulio Andreotti, Lou Reed, Giuliano Gemma, Nílton Santos, Djalma Santos, and Jang Song-thaek. After him are Jovanka Broz, Heinrich Rohrer, Georges Moustaki, François Jacob, Erich Priebke, and Don Shirley.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Christian de Duve ranks 466 out of 6,924Before him are John le Carré (1931), Graham Hill (1929), John Smith (1580), Morrissey (1959), Donald Pleasence (1919), and John Hicks (1904). After him are Sam Neill (1947), William Ewart Gladstone (1809), Richard Arkwright (1732), Thomas Cromwell (1485), Gregory Bateson (1904), and Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester (1532).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, Christian de Duve ranks 10Before him are Rosalind Franklin (1920), Francis Crick (1916), Thomas Henry Huxley (1825), Richard Owen (1804), Erasmus Darwin (1731), and Robert Brown (1773). After him are John Edward Gray (1800), Philip Miller (1691), Julian Huxley (1887), John Gurdon (1933), Desmond Morris (1928), and John Ray (1627).