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Christian de Duve

1917 - 2013

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Christian René Marie Joseph, Viscount de Duve (2 October 1917 – 4 May 2013) was a Nobel Prize-winning Belgian cytologist and biochemist. He made serendipitous discoveries of two cell organelles, peroxisome and lysosome, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974 with Albert Claude and George E. Palade ("for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"). In addition to peroxisome and lysosome, he invented scientific names such as autophagy, endocytosis, and exocytosis in a single occasion.The son of Belgian refugees during the First World War, de Duve was born in Thames Ditton, Surrey, England. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Christian de Duve has received more than 223,147 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 55 in 2019). Christian de Duve is the 38th most popular biologist (up from 47th in 2019), the 391st most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 465th in 2019) and the 8th most popular British Biologist.

Christian de Duve is most famous for his discovery of lysosomes in the late 1960s. Lysosomes are organelles that digest macromolecules, such as proteins and lipids, and then break them down into smaller molecules.

Memorability Metrics

  • 220k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.33

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.66

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.65

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Christian de Duve ranks 38 out of 841Before him are Theodor Schwann, Yoshinori Ohsumi, Harald zur Hausen, Albrecht Kossel, Karl von Frisch, and Lazzaro Spallanzani. After him are Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Ada Yonath, Richard Owen, Nikolaas Tinbergen, René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, and August Weismann.

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Among people born in 1917, Christian de Duve ranks 15Before him are Joan Fontaine, Frederica of Hanover, Ernest Borgnine, Anthony Burgess, I. M. Pei, and Robert Mitchum. After him are Sidney Sheldon, Dean Martin, Joan Clarke, Kenan Evren, Nur Muhammad Taraki, and Otto Günsche. Among people deceased in 2013, Christian de Duve ranks 20Before him are Mohammed Omar, Joan Fontaine, Ronald Coase, Heinrich Rohrer, Lou Reed, and Giulio Andreotti. After him are Djalma Santos, Robert Edwards, Robert Coleman Richardson, Douglas Engelbart, Georges Moustaki, and Nílton Santos.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Christian de Duve ranks 391 out of 7,765Before him are Benjamin Graham (1894), Mary Read (1695), Thomas Cook (1808), John le Carré (1931), Beatrix Potter (1866), and Saint Boniface (680). After him are Margot Fonteyn (1919), John Wesley (1703), Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (1453), J. M. Barrie (1860), Ian Holm (1931), and Fred Hoyle (1915).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, Christian de Duve ranks 8Before him are Alexander Fleming (1881), Rosalind Franklin (1920), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823), Francis Crick (1916), Robert Brown (1773), and Thomas Henry Huxley (1825). After him are Richard Owen (1804), Erasmus Darwin (1731), John Edward Gray (1800), Philip Miller (1691), Julian Huxley (1887), and John Gurdon (1933).