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Christiaan Barnard

1922 - 2001

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Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 November 1922 – 2 September 2001) was a South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world's first human-to-human heart transplant operation. On 3 December 1967, Barnard transplanted the heart of accident victim Denise Darvall into the chest of 54-year-old Louis Washkansky, with Washkansky regaining full consciousness and being able to talk easily with his wife, before dying eighteen days later of pneumonia, largely brought on by the anti-rejection drugs that suppressed his immune system. Barnard had told Mr. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Christiaan Barnard has received more than 1,642,638 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 49 in 2019). Christiaan Barnard is the 47th most popular physician, the 8th most popular biography from South Africa (up from 10th in 2019) and the most popular South African Physician.

Christiaan Barnard is most famous for performing the first successful human-to-human heart transplant on December 3, 1967.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 68.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.02

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.36

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicians, Christiaan Barnard ranks 47 out of 502Before him are Marcello Malpighi, Emil Kraepelin, Otto Heinrich Warburg, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Franz Mesmer, and Allvar Gullstrand. After him are Francesco Redi, Karl Brandt, Jean-Martin Charcot, Hilary of Poitiers, Gerhard Domagk, and Rita Levi-Montalcini.

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Among people born in 1922, Christiaan Barnard ranks 18Before him are Franjo Tuđman, Hiroo Onoda, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Erving Goffman, Jack Kerouac, and Emil Zátopek. After him are Gérard Philipe, Imre Lakatos, Aage Bohr, Kurt Vonnegut, Iannis Xenakis, and Betty White. Among people deceased in 2001, Christiaan Barnard ranks 12Before him are Claude Shannon, Jorge Amado, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiary, Jack Lemmon, Herbert A. Simon, and Didi. After him are Sabiha Gökçen, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Iannis Xenakis, Fred Hoyle, Wilhelm Mohnke, and Laurent-Désiré Kabila.

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In South Africa

Among people born in South Africa, Christiaan Barnard ranks 8 out of 374Before him are J. R. R. Tolkien (1892), Elon Musk (1971), Sarah Baartman (1788), Desmond Tutu (1931), J. M. Coetzee (1940), and Shaka (1787). After him are F. W. de Klerk (1936), Nadine Gordimer (1923), Miriam Makeba (1932), Charlize Theron (1975), Jacob Zuma (1942), and Max Theiler (1899).

Among PHYSICIANS In South Africa

Among physicians born in South Africa, Christiaan Barnard ranks 1After him are David Cooper (1931).