Christiaan Barnard

1922 - 2001

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Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 November 1922 – 2 September 2001) was a South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world's first human-to-human heart transplant operation. On 3 December 1967, Barnard transplanted the heart of accident-victim Denise Darvall into the chest of 54-year-old Louis Washkansky, with Washkansky regaining full consciousness and being able to talk easily with his wife, before dying eighteen days later of pneumonia, largely brought on by the anti-rejection drugs that suppressed his immune system. Barnard had told Mr. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Christiaan Barnard has received more than 1,384,472 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia. Christiaan Barnard is the 47th most popular physician (down from 43rd in 2019), the 10th most popular biography from South Africa (down from 8th in 2019) and the most popular South African Physician.

Christiaan Barnard is most famous for performing the first successful human-to-human heart transplant on December 3, 1967.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

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  • 75.04

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.79

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.34

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicians, Christiaan Barnard ranks 47 out of 509Before him are Ambroise Paré, Philippe Pinel, Joseph Lister, Eugen Bleuler, Marcello Malpighi, and António Egas Moniz. After him are François Duvalier, Stanley Cohen, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, René Laennec, Alexandre Yersin, and Emil von Behring.

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Among people born in 1922, Christiaan Barnard ranks 22Before him are Pierre Cardin, Gérard Philipe, Hiroo Onoda, Aage Bohr, Doris Day, and Kurt Vonnegut. After him are Stanley Cohen, Imre Lakatos, Alain Resnais, Iannis Xenakis, Philip Larkin, and Alain Robbe-Grillet. Among people deceased in 2001, Christiaan Barnard ranks 13Before him are Josef Bican, Herbert A. Simon, Sabiha Gökçen, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiary, Jack Lemmon, and Léopold Sédar Senghor. After him are Iannis Xenakis, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Ernst Gombrich, William Hanna, Fred Hoyle, and Robert Ludlum.

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In South Africa

Among people born in South Africa, Christiaan Barnard ranks 10 out of 312Before him are Sarah Baartman (1788), Shaka (1787), Nadine Gordimer (1923), Behati Prinsloo (1988), Elon Musk (1971), and F. W. de Klerk (1936). After him are Desmond Tutu (1931), Miriam Makeba (1932), Charlize Theron (1975), Paul Kruger (1825), Thabo Mbeki (1942), and Jacob Zuma (1942).

Among PHYSICIANS In South Africa

Among physicians born in South Africa, Christiaan Barnard ranks 1After him are David Cooper (1931).