Claude Shannon

1916 - 2001

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Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon founded information theory with a landmark paper, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication", which he published in 1948. He also founded digital circuit design theory in 1937, when—as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Claude Shannon has received more than 3,617,567 page views. His biography is available in 64 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 63 in 2019). Claude Shannon is the 65th most popular mathematician (down from 59th in 2019), the 361st most popular biography from United States (down from 286th in 2019) and the 4th most popular American Mathematician.

Claude Shannon is most famous for his work in information theory, which is the study of how information is encoded and transmitted.

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Among mathematicians, Claude Shannon ranks 65 out of 828Before him are Al-Battani, Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani, Willebrord Snellius, Zhang Heng, Alfred North Whitehead, and Abraham de Moivre. After him are Hermann Minkowski, Urbain Le Verrier, August Ferdinand Möbius, Friedrich Bessel, Émilie du Châtelet, and G. H. Hardy.

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Among people born in 1916, Claude Shannon ranks 13Before him are Elena Ceaușescu, Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Harold Wilson, Aldo Moro, and Hans Eysenck. After him are Ahmed Ben Bella, Herbert A. Simon, Ferruccio Lamborghini, João Havelange, Yehudi Menuhin, and Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Among people deceased in 2001, Claude Shannon ranks 6Before him are Anthony Quinn, George Harrison, Tove Jansson, Didi, and Jorge Amado. After him are Josef Bican, Herbert A. Simon, Sabiha Gökçen, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiary, Jack Lemmon, and Léopold Sédar Senghor.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Claude Shannon ranks 361 out of 15,968Before him are Chester W. Nimitz (1885), Ted Kaczynski (1942), Isaac Singer (1811), P. T. Barnum (1810), John Quincy Adams (1767), and Robert Johnson (1911). After him are Jim Mattis (1950), Zodiac Killer (1940), Herbert A. Simon (1916), Jimmy Hoffa (1913), Philip Roth (1933), and Robert E. Lee (1807).

Among MATHEMATICIANS In United States

Among mathematicians born in United States, Claude Shannon ranks 4Before him are John Forbes Nash Jr. (1928), Charles Sanders Peirce (1839), and Norbert Wiener (1894). After him are Katherine Johnson (1918), Edward Norton Lorenz (1917), Alonzo Church (1903), Herbert A. Hauptman (1917), Sam Loyd (1841), Mary Jackson (1921), Lloyd Shapley (1923), and Karen Uhlenbeck (1942).