Sarah Baartman

1788 - 1815

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Sarah Baartman (Afrikaans: [ˈsɑːra ˈbɑːrtman]; c.1789– 29 December 1815), also spelt Sara, sometimes in the diminutive form Saartje (Afrikaans pronunciation: [ˈsɑːrtʃi]), or Saartjie, and Bartman, Bartmann, was a Khoikhoi woman who was exhibited as a freak show attraction in 19th-century Europe under the name Hottentot Venus, a name which was later attributed to at least one other woman similarly exhibited. The term "Hottentot" was the colonial-era term for the indigenous Khoekoe (formerly known as Khoikhoi) people of the southwestern area of Africa. The women were exhibited for their steatopygic body type uncommon in Western Europe which not only was perceived as a curiosity at that time, but became subject of scientific interest, albeit of racist bias frequently, as well as of erotic projection. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sarah Baartman has received more than 3,381,880 page views. Her biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia. Sarah Baartman is the 354th most popular religious figure (down from 341st in 2019), the 4th most popular biography from South Africa (up from 6th in 2019) and the most popular South African Religious Figure.

Sarah Baartman was a South African woman who was taken from her home by European explorers and exhibited in freak shows in Europe. She was later brought back to Europe and died there.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.50

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 26

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.90

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Sarah Baartman ranks 354 out of 2,272Before her are Pope Cornelius, Pope Lando, Abd Allah ibn Abbas, Pope Zosimus, Pope Innocent V, and Aloysius Gonzaga. After her are Pope Sixtus III, Báb, Pope Conon, Pope Nicholas IV, Geli Raubal, and Pope Victor III.

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Among people born in 1788, Sarah Baartman ranks 3Before her are Arthur Schopenhauer and Lord Byron. After her are Augustin-Jean Fresnel, Princess Augusta of Bavaria, Jean-Victor Poncelet, Infante Carlos, Count of Molina, Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, Princess Wilhelmine of Baden, Ranavalona I, Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, and Antoine César Becquerel. Among people deceased in 1815, Sarah Baartman ranks 5Before her are Joachim Murat, Michel Ney, Robert Fulton, and Franz Mesmer. After her are Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Emma, Lady Hamilton, Guillaume Brune, Jan Potocki, Carsten Niebuhr, 9th Dalai Lama, and Smithson Tennant.

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In South Africa

Among people born in South Africa, Sarah Baartman ranks 4 out of 312Before her are Nelson Mandela (1918), J. R. R. Tolkien (1892), and J. M. Coetzee (1940). After her are Shaka (1787), Nadine Gordimer (1923), Behati Prinsloo (1988), Elon Musk (1971), F. W. de Klerk (1936), Christiaan Barnard (1922), Desmond Tutu (1931), and Miriam Makeba (1932).


Among religious figures born in South Africa, Sarah Baartman ranks 1After her are Desmond Tutu (1931), Wilfrid Napier (1941), and Faf du Plessis (1984).