Marcello Malpighi

1628 - 1694

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Marcello Malpighi (10 March 1628 – 29 November 1694) was an Italian biologist and physician, who is referred to as the "Founder of microscopical anatomy, histology & Father of physiology and embryology". Malpighi's name is borne by several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system of insects. The splenic lymphoid nodules are often called the "Malpighian bodies of the spleen" or Malpighian corpuscles. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Marcello Malpighi has received more than 242,165 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia. Marcello Malpighi is the 45th most popular physician (up from 50th in 2019), the 526th most popular biography from Italy (down from 505th in 2019) and the 5th most popular Italian Physician.

Marcello Malpighi was an Italian scientist who is most famous for his contributions to the field of microscopy. He is credited with being the first person to describe the capillary system in plants and animals.

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Among physicians, Marcello Malpighi ranks 45 out of 509Before him are Otto Heinrich Warburg, Hua Tuo, Ambroise Paré, Philippe Pinel, Joseph Lister, and Eugen Bleuler. After him are António Egas Moniz, Christiaan Barnard, François Duvalier, Stanley Cohen, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, and René Laennec.

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Among people born in 1628, Marcello Malpighi ranks 2Before him is Charles Perrault. After him are Jacob van Ruisdael, John Bunyan, Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria, François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg, Muazzez Sultan, François Girardon, Robert Cambert, and Carlo Cignani. Among people deceased in 1694, Marcello Malpighi ranks 3Before him are Mary II of England and Matsuo Bashō. After him are Samuel von Pufendorf, Natalya Naryshkina, Antoine Arnauld, Francesco Morosini, Suleiman of Persia, Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma, John George IV, Elector of Saxony, Pierre Puget, and Vittoria della Rovere.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Marcello Malpighi ranks 526 out of 4,088Before him are Franco Nero (1941), Galeazzo Ciano (1903), Conrad IV of Germany (1228), Umberto Nobile (1885), Fausto Cercignani (1941), and Pope John XI (910). After him are Charles Edward Stuart (1720), Camillus de Lellis (1550), Anna Magnani (1908), Giovanni Falcone (1939), Pope Boniface VI (800), and Charles III of Naples (1345).


Among physicians born in Italy, Marcello Malpighi ranks 5Before him are Florence Nightingale (1820), Cesare Lombroso (1835), Camillo Golgi (1843), and Rita Levi-Montalcini (1909). After him are Francesco Redi (1626), Bernardino of Siena (1380), Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (1608), Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723), Peter Damian (1007), Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501), and Andrea Cesalpino (1519).