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Osman I

1254 - 1327

Photo of Osman I

Icon of person Osman I

Osman I or Osman Ghazi (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان غازى, romanized: ʿOsmān Ġāzī; Turkish: I. Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the founder of the Ottoman Empire (first known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate). While initially a small Turkoman principality during Osman's lifetime, his descendants transformed into a world empire in the centuries after his death. It existed until shortly after the end of World War I. Owing to the scarcity of historical sources dating from his lifetime, very little factual information about Osman has survived. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Osman I has received more than 6,264,356 page views. His biography is available in 89 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 83 in 2019). Osman I is the 32nd most popular politician (up from 81st in 2019), the 6th most popular biography from Turkey (up from 10th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Turkish Politician.

Osman I is most famous for founding the Ottoman Empire.

Memorability Metrics

  • 6.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.24

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 89

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.42

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.38

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Osman IS by language


Among politicians, Osman I ranks 32 out of 15,577Before him are Mikhail Gorbachev, Attila, Hurrem Sultan, Mao Zedong, Queen Victoria, and Commodus. After him are Abraham Lincoln, Qin Shi Huang, Louis XVI of France, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Justinian I, and Richard III of England.

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Among people born in 1254, Osman I ranks 2Before him is Marco Polo. After him are Charles II of Naples, Marie of Brabant, Queen of France, Zhao Mengfu, Floris V, Count of Holland, and Dmitry of Pereslavl. Among people deceased in 1327, Osman I ranks 1After him are Edward II of England, Saint Roch, James II of Aragon, Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy, Elizabeth de Burgh, Anne of Austria, Margravine of Brandenburg, and Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Osman I ranks 6 out of 1,301Before him are Herodotus (-484), Paul the Apostle (5), Suleiman the Magnificent (1494), Thales of Miletus (-623), and Saint Nicholas (270). After him are Selim II (1524), Saint George (280), Ahmed I (1590), Mehmed the Conqueror (1432), Heraclitus (-535), and Murad III (1546).


Among politicians born in Turkey, Osman I ranks 2Before him are Suleiman the Magnificent (1494). After him are Selim II (1524), Ahmed I (1590), Mehmed the Conqueror (1432), Murad III (1546), Selim I (1470), Murad IV (1612), Mehmed III (1566), Mustafa I (1591), Murad I (1326), and Bayezid I (1354).