Osman I

1254 - 1327

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Osman I or Osman Ghazi (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان غازى‎, romanized: ʿOsmān Ġāzī; Turkish: I. Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Kayi tribe and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty. The dynasty bearing his name later established and ruled the Ottoman Empire (first known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate). This state, while initially a small Turkmen principality during Osman's lifetime, transformed into a world empire in the centuries after his death. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Osman I has received more than 5,141,344 page views. His biography is available in 83 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 81 in 2019). Osman I is the 81st most popular politician (up from 106th in 2019), the 10th most popular biography from Turkey (up from 18th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Turkish Politician.

Osman I is most famous for founding the Ottoman Empire.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 86.19

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 83

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.73

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.23

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Osman I ranks 81 out of 15,710Before him are Napoleon III, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodosius I, Mary I of England, Mehmed the Conqueror, and Louis XV of France. After him are Selim I, James K. Polk, Henry IV of France, Margaret Thatcher, Heinrich Himmler, and Ashoka.

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Among people born in 1254, Osman I ranks 2Before him is Marco Polo. After him are Charles II of Naples, Marie of Brabant, Queen of France, Zhao Mengfu, Floris V, Count of Holland, and Dmitry of Pereslavl. Among people deceased in 1327, Osman I ranks 1After him are Edward II of England, Saint Roch, James II of Aragon, Elizabeth de Burgh, Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy, Anne of Austria, Margravine of Brandenburg, and Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Osman I ranks 10 out of 1,128Before him are Suleiman the Magnificent (1494), Saint George (280), Heraclitus (-535), Thales of Miletus (-623), Selim II (1524), and Mehmed the Conqueror (1432). After him are Selim I (1470), Diogenes (-404), Ahmed I (1590), Saint Nicholas (270), Murad IV (1612), and Galen (129).


Among politicians born in Turkey, Osman I ranks 4Before him are Suleiman the Magnificent (1494), Selim II (1524), and Mehmed the Conqueror (1432). After him are Selim I (1470), Ahmed I (1590), Murad IV (1612), Murad III (1546), Mehmed III (1566), Bayezid I (1354), Bayezid II (1447), and Abdul Hamid II (1842).