Mikhail Gorbachev

1931 - 2022

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Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (2 March 1931 – 30 August 2022) was a Soviet and Russian politician who served as the last leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to the country's dissolution in 1991. He served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 and additionally as head of state beginning in 1988, as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990 and the President of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991. Ideologically, Gorbachev initially adhered to Marxism–Leninism but moved towards social democracy by the early 1990s. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mikhail Gorbachev has received more than 23,478,030 page views. His biography is available in 154 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 137 in 2019). Mikhail Gorbachev is the 46th most popular politician (down from 25th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Russia (down from 6th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Russian Politician.

Mikhail Gorbachev is most famous for being the last leader of the Soviet Union. He was in power from 1985 to 1991 and is known for his policies of glasnost and perestroika, which are credited with ending the Cold War.

Memorability Metrics

  • 23M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 84.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 154

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.07

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.02

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Mikhail Gorbachev ranks 46 out of 19,576Before him are Saddam Hussein, Yasser Arafat, Andrew Johnson, Martin Van Buren, Ulysses S. Grant, and Louis XV of France. After him are Pericles, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Nero, Justinian I, Josip Broz Tito, and Akhenaten.

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Among people born in 1931, Mikhail Gorbachev ranks 1After him are Boris Yeltsin, Rajneesh, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Toni Morrison, Raúl Castro, Mário Zagallo, James Dean, Tomas Tranströmer, Irvin D. Yalom, Isabel Martínez de Perón, and Raymond Kopa. Among people deceased in 2022, Mikhail Gorbachev ranks 3Before him are Elizabeth II, and Pelé. After him are Pope Benedict XVI, Jiang Zemin, Jean-Luc Godard, Vangelis, Shinzō Abe, Luc Montagnier, Irene Papas, Jean-Louis Trintignant, and Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Mikhail Gorbachev ranks 7 out of 3,761Before him are Immanuel Kant (1724), Vladimir Lenin (1870), Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821), Leo Tolstoy (1828), Vladimir Putin (1952), and Yuri Gagarin (1934). After him are Dmitri Mendeleev (1834), Anton Chekhov (1860), Peter the Great (1672), Nikita Khrushchev (1894), Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840), and Nicholas II of Russia (1868).


Among politicians born in Russia, Mikhail Gorbachev ranks 3Before him are Vladimir Lenin (1870), and Vladimir Putin (1952). After him are Peter the Great (1672), Nikita Khrushchev (1894), Nicholas II of Russia (1868), Ivan the Terrible (1530), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Kim Jong-il (1941), Alexander I of Russia (1777), Nicholas I of Russia (1796), and Yuri Andropov (1914).