PHILOSOPHER

Julien Offray de La Mettrie

1709 - 1751

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Julien Offray de La Mettrie (French: [ɔfʁɛ də la metʁi]; November 23, 1709 – November 11, 1751) was a French physician and philosopher, and one of the earliest of the French materialists of the Enlightenment. He is best known for his work L'homme machine (Machine Man).La Mettrie is most remembered for taking the position that humans are complex animals and no more have souls than other animals do. He considered that the mind is part of the body and that life should be lived so as to produce pleasure (hedonism). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Julien Offray de La Mettrie has received more than 135,058 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia. Julien Offray de La Mettrie is the 180th most popular philosopher (up from 192nd in 2019), the 371st most popular biography from France (up from 402nd in 2019) and the 23rd most popular French Philosopher.

Julien Offray de la Mettrie is most famous for his philosophical work L'homme machine, in which he argues that humans are like machines and that the mind is nothing more than a function of the brain.

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  • 140k

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  • 76.56

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.29

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among PHILOSOPHERS

Among philosophers, Julien Offray de La Mettrie ranks 180 out of 1,089Before him are Porphyry, Josef Breuer, John Scotus Eriugena, George Herbert Mead, Max Stirner, and Pierre Bayle. After him are Sextus Empiricus, Alcuin, Han Fei, Posidonius, John Venn, and Karl Kautsky.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1709, Julien Offray de La Mettrie ranks 2Before him is Elizabeth of Russia. After him are Samuel Johnson, Jacques de Vaucanson, Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, Wilhelmine of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, Franz Benda, Georg Wilhelm Steller, Gabriel Bonnot de Mably, Étienne de Silhouette, and Andreas Sigismund Marggraf. Among people deceased in 1751, Julien Offray de La Mettrie ranks 2Before him is Tomaso Albinoni. After him are Frederick I of Sweden, William IV, Prince of Orange, Frederick, Prince of Wales, Louise of Great Britain, Jacques I, Prince of Monaco, Tokugawa Yoshimune, Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Peter Lacy, Christopher Polhem, and Jean Philippe Loys de Cheseaux.

Others Born in 1709

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Others Deceased in 1751

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In France

Among people born in France, Julien Offray de La Mettrie ranks 371 out of 5,234Before him are Theodor Eicke (1892), Anouk Aimée (1932), Jeanne d'Albret (1528), Claude Bernard (1813), Pierre Bayle (1647), and Baldwin I of Jerusalem (1058). After him are Marin Mersenne (1588), Jean-Baptiste Say (1767), Philip the Bold (1342), Philippe Noiret (1930), André Malraux (1901), and Louis IV of France (920).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In France

Among philosophers born in France, Julien Offray de La Mettrie ranks 23Before him are Marquis de Condorcet (1743), Claude Adrien Helvétius (1715), Paul Ricœur (1913), Jean Buridan (1295), Ernest Renan (1823), and Pierre Bayle (1647). After him are Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881), Jean-François Lyotard (1924), Nicolas Malebranche (1638), Pierre Gassendi (1592), Étienne Bonnot de Condillac (1714), and Gabriel Marcel (1889).