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Maria Gaetana Agnesi

1718 - 1799

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Maria Gaetana Agnesi (UK: an-YAY-zee, US: ahn-, Italian: [maˈriːa ɡaeˈtaːna aɲˈɲeːzi, -ɲɛːz-]; 16 May 1718 – 9 January 1799) was an Italian mathematician, philosopher, theologian, and humanitarian. She was the first woman to write a mathematics handbook and the first woman appointed as a mathematics professor at a university.She is credited with writing the first book discussing both differential and integral calculus and was a member of the faculty at the University of Bologna, although she never served. She devoted the last four decades of her life to studying theology (especially patristics) and to charitable work and serving the poor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Gaetana Agnesi has received more than 392,164 page views. Her biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 61 in 2019). Maria Gaetana Agnesi is the 48th most popular mathematician, the 403rd most popular biography from Italy (down from 396th in 2019) and the 7th most popular Italian Mathematician.

Maria Gaetana Agnesi was an Italian mathematician and philosopher. She is most famous for her 1748 publication Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventù italiana (Analytical Institutions for the Use of Italian Youth), which is considered the first modern textbook on calculus.

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Among mathematicians, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 48 out of 823Before her are Johann Bernoulli, Emmy Noether, Charles Sanders Peirce, Eudoxus of Cnidus, Sophie Germain, and Claude Shannon. After her are Norbert Wiener, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Philolaus, Karl Weierstrass, Sofia Kovalevskaya, and Nikolai Lobachevsky.

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Among people born in 1718, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 1After her are Mariana Victoria of Spain, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Anna Leopoldovna, Thomas Chippendale, Alexander Roslin, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Jean Philippe Loys de Cheseaux, Jacob Christian Schäffer, Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, and Antoine de Chézy. Among people deceased in 1799, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 4Before her are George Washington, Qianlong Emperor, and Pope Pius VI. After her are Pierre Beaumarchais, Tipu Sultan, Joseph Black, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Heshen, Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria, and Horace Bénédict de Saussure.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 403 out of 4,668Before her are Alberto Moravia (1907), Carlo Ponti (1912), Umberto Boccioni (1882), Toto Cutugno (1943), Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen (1771), and Alessandro Cagliostro (1743). After her are Philip Neri (1515), Claudio Abbado (1933), Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (1492), Gaius Julius Caesar (-135), Pope Eugene I (600), and Pope Benedict I (525).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 7Before her are Archimedes (-287), Fibonacci (1170), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Luca Pacioli (1445), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), and Archytas (-428). After her are Philolaus (-470), Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), Lodovico Ferrari (1522), and Aloysius Lilius (1510).