Maria Gaetana Agnesi

1718 - 1799

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Maria Gaetana Agnesi (UK: an-YAY-zee, US: ahn-, Italian: [maˈriːa ɡaeˈtaːna aɲˈɲɛːzi, -ɲeːz-]; 16 May 1718 – 9 January 1799) was an Italian mathematician, philosopher, theologian, and humanitarian. She was the first woman to write a mathematics handbook and the first woman appointed as a mathematics professor at a university.She is credited with writing the first book discussing both differential and integral calculus and was a member of the faculty at the University of Bologna, although she never served. She devoted the last four decades of her life to studying theology (especially patristics) and to charitable work and serving the poor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Maria Gaetana Agnesi has received more than 336,975 page views. Her biography is available in 61 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Maria Gaetana Agnesi is the 48th most popular mathematician, the 396th most popular biography from Italy (down from 350th in 2019) and the 7th most popular Italian Mathematician.

Maria Gaetana Agnesi was an Italian mathematician and philosopher. She is most famous for her 1748 publication Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventù italiana (Analytical Institutions for the Use of Italian Youth), which is considered the first modern textbook on calculus.

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Among mathematicians, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 48 out of 828Before her are Eudoxus of Cnidus, Johann Bernoulli, Apollonius of Perga, Archytas, Sofia Kovalevskaya, and Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet. After her are Norbert Wiener, Sophie Germain, Brahmagupta, Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Simon Stevin, and Philolaus.

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Among people born in 1718, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 1After her are Mariana Victoria of Spain, Thomas Chippendale, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Anna Leopoldovna, Alexander Roslin, John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Jean Philippe Loys de Cheseaux, Antoine de Chézy, and John Canton. Among people deceased in 1799, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 4Before her are George Washington, Pope Pius VI, and Qianlong Emperor. After her are Pierre Beaumarchais, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Joseph Black, Tipu Sultan, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Victoire of France, Étienne-Louis Boullée, and Horace Bénédict de Saussure.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 396 out of 4,088Before her are Pope Leo IV (790), Clara Petacci (1912), Pope Agatho (574), Pope Benedict I (525), Alberto Moravia (1907), and Pope Nicholas III (1215). After her are Pope Callixtus I (180), Vittorio De Sica (1901), Pope Symmachus (460), Bronzino (1503), Pope Adrian V (1205), and Pietro Mascagni (1863).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Maria Gaetana Agnesi ranks 7Before her are Archimedes (-287), Fibonacci (1170), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), Luca Pacioli (1445), and Archytas (-428). After her are Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Philolaus (-470), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), Lodovico Ferrari (1522), and Giambattista della Porta (1535).