Emmy Noether

1882 - 1935

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Amalie Emmy Noether (US: , UK: ; German: [ˈnøːtɐ]; 23 March 1882 – 14 April 1935) was a German mathematician who made many important contributions to abstract algebra. She discovered Noether's First and Second Theorem, which are fundamental in mathematical physics. She was described by Pavel Alexandrov, Albert Einstein, Jean Dieudonné, Hermann Weyl and Norbert Wiener as the most important woman in the history of mathematics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Emmy Noether has received more than 1,478,673 page views. Her biography is available in 73 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 67 in 2019). Emmy Noether is the 40th most popular mathematician (up from 43rd in 2019), the 177th most popular biography from Germany (up from 202nd in 2019) and the 6th most popular German Mathematician.

Emmy Noether is most famous for her contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. She was the first woman to be awarded a full professorship at the University of Göttingen in Germany.

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Among mathematicians, Emmy Noether ranks 40 out of 828Before her are Gerolamo Cardano, Gottlob Frege, Luca Pacioli, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Ada Lovelace, and Charles Sanders Peirce. After her are George Boole, Eudoxus of Cnidus, Johann Bernoulli, Apollonius of Perga, Archytas, and Sofia Kovalevskaya.

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Among people born in 1882, Emmy Noether ranks 13Before her are Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, Sigrid Undset, Georgi Dimitrov, Ion Antonescu, Günther von Kluge, and Edward Hopper. After her are Max Born, Lili Elbe, Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, Kurt von Schleicher, Melanie Klein, and Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark. Among people deceased in 1935, Emmy Noether ranks 6Before her are Kazimir Malevich, Alfred Dreyfus, T. E. Lawrence, Fernando Pessoa, and Paul Signac. After her are Alban Berg, Józef Piłsudski, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Arthur Henderson, Astrid of Sweden, and Auguste Escoffier.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Emmy Noether ranks 177 out of 5,289Before her are Frederick William IV of Prussia (1795), Hans Holbein the Younger (1497), Christian IX of Denmark (1818), Caroline of Ansbach (1683), Werner von Siemens (1816), and Levi Strauss (1829). After her are Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729), Jacob Grimm (1785), Edith Stein (1891), Karl Ferdinand Braun (1850), Conrad III of Germany (1093), and Wilhelm Canaris (1887).


Among mathematicians born in Germany, Emmy Noether ranks 6Before her are Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646), Bernhard Riemann (1826), Gottlob Frege (1848), and Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (1805). After her are Ludolph van Ceulen (1540), Karl Weierstrass (1815), August Ferdinand Möbius (1790), Friedrich Bessel (1784), Richard Dedekind (1831), and Regiomontanus (1436).