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Sofia Kovalevskaya

1850 - 1891

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Sofya Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (Russian: Софья Васильевна Ковалевская), born Korvin-Krukovskaya (15 January [O.S. 3 January] 1850 – 10 February 1891), was a Russian mathematician who made noteworthy contributions to analysis, partial differential equations and mechanics. She was a pioneer for women in mathematics around the world – the first woman to obtain a doctorate (in the modern sense) in mathematics, the first woman appointed to a full professorship in northern Europe and one of the first women to work for a scientific journal as an editor. According to historian of science Ann Hibner Koblitz, Kovalevskaya was "the greatest known woman scientist before the twentieth century".: 255 Historian of mathematics Roger Cooke writes: ... Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sofia Kovalevskaya has received more than 393,686 page views. Her biography is available in 71 different languages on Wikipedia. Sofia Kovalevskaya is the 53rd most popular mathematician (down from 46th in 2019), the 121st most popular biography from Russia (down from 99th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Russian Mathematician.

Sofia Kovalevskaya is most famous for being the first woman to earn a doctorate in mathematics. She was born in 1849 and received her degree from the University of Stockholm in 1874.

Memorability Metrics

  • 390k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.30

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 71

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.17

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.16

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among mathematicians, Sofia Kovalevskaya ranks 53 out of 823Before her are Claude Shannon, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Norbert Wiener, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Philolaus, and Karl Weierstrass. After her are Nikolai Lobachevsky, Gaspard Monge, Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani, Abraham de Moivre, Brahmagupta, and Al-Battani.

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Among people born in 1850, Sofia Kovalevskaya ranks 8Before her are Robert Louis Stevenson, Guy de Maupassant, Karl Ferdinand Braun, Edward Smith, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, and Eduard Bernstein. After her are Hermann Ebbinghaus, Charles Richet, Mihai Eminescu, Pierre Loti, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, and Pat Garrett. Among people deceased in 1891, Sofia Kovalevskaya ranks 11Before her are Herman Melville, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, P. T. Barnum, Pedro II of Brazil, and Léo Delibes. After her are Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Theo van Gogh, Leopold Kronecker, Ivan Goncharov, Jules Grévy, and Prince Napoléon Bonaparte.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Sofia Kovalevskaya ranks 121 out of 3,262Before her are Alexander Alekhine (1892), False Dmitry I (1581), Valery Legasov (1936), Tokhtamysh (1342), Ivan V of Russia (1666), and Dzhokhar Dudayev (1944). After her are Feodor II of Russia (1589), Boris Spassky (1937), Mikhail Lermontov (1814), Olga of Kiev (890), Nikolai Lobachevsky (1792), and Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (1897).


Among mathematicians born in Russia, Sofia Kovalevskaya ranks 3Before her are David Hilbert (1862) and Georg Cantor (1845). After her are Nikolai Lobachevsky (1792), Andrey Kolmogorov (1903), Alexander Friedmann (1888), Christian Goldbach (1690), Grigori Perelman (1966), Leonid Kantorovich (1912), Andrey Markov (1856), Aleksandr Lyapunov (1857), and Nikolay Bogolyubov (1909).