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With 1,004 biographies, Mathematicians are the 21st most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Biologists, Racing Drivers, and Wrestlers.


Pantheon has 1,001 people classified as mathematicians born between 1680 BC and 1999. Of these 1,001, 146 (14.59%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living mathematicians include Grigori Perelman, Andrew Wiles, and Robert Aumann. The most famous deceased mathematicians include Archimedes, Blaise Pascal, and Carl Friedrich Gauss. As of April 2024, 98 new mathematicians have been added to Pantheon including Jakow Trachtenberg, Al-Samawal al-Maghribi, and Johannes Werner.

Living Mathematicians

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Deceased Mathematicians

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Newly Added Mathematicians (2024)

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Most mathematicians were born in United Kingdom (118), France (113), and Germany (106). By city, the most common birth places were Paris (28), Budapest (20), and London (16).The most common death places of mathematicians were United States (138), France (112), and Germany (99). By city, these were Paris (65), Moscow (30), and Cambridge (21).

Places Over Time

The earliest biographies classified as mathematicians in Pantheon are Hippocrates of Chios, Meton of Athens, and Ahmes.  The concentration of mathematicians was largest during the Newspaper Era, which lasted from 1700 to 1899. Some birth or death locations for earlier mathematicians are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.


Which Mathematicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Mathematicians since 1700.