Peter Higgs

1929 - Today

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Peter Ware Higgs (born 29 May 1929) is a British theoretical physicist, Emeritus Professor in the University of Edinburgh, and Nobel Prize laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles.In the 1960s, Higgs proposed that broken symmetry in electroweak theory could explain the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism, which was proposed by several physicists besides Higgs at about the same time, predicts the existence of a new particle, the Higgs boson, the detection of which became one of the great goals of physics. On 4 July 2012, CERN announced the discovery of the boson at the Large Hadron Collider. The Higgs mechanism is generally accepted as an important ingredient in the Standard Model of particle physics, without which certain particles would have no mass.Higgs has been honoured with a number of awards in recognition of his work, including the 1981 Hughes Medal from the Royal Society; the 1984 Rutherford Medal from the Institute of Physics; the 1997 Dirac Medal and Prize for outstanding contributions to theoretical physics from the Institute of Physics; the 1997 High Energy and Particle Physics Prize by the European Physical Society; the 2004 Wolf Prize in Physics; the 2009 Oskar Klein Memorial Lecture medal from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; the 2010 American Physical Society J. J. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Peter Higgs has received more than 1,024,974 page views. His biography is available in 72 different languages on Wikipedia. Peter Higgs is the 74th most popular physicist (down from 66th in 2019), the 260th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 193rd in 2019) and the 14th most popular British Physicist.

Peter Higgs is most famous for his theory of the Higgs Boson, which is a subatomic particle that gives mass to other particles.

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Among physicists, Peter Higgs ranks 74 out of 721Before him are Carl Zeiss, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Joseph von Fraunhofer, Emil Lenz, and Charles Édouard Guillaume. After him are Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis, George Gamow, Jean Baptiste Perrin, Victor Francis Hess, Albert A. Michelson, and Owen Willans Richardson.

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Among people born in 1929, Peter Higgs ranks 21Before him are Jacques Brel, Michael Ende, Frank Gehry, Hassan II of Morocco, Christopher Plummer, and Alejandro Jodorowsky. After him are Oriana Fallaci, Irene Papas, Tigran Petrosian, Sándor Kocsis, Yayoi Kusama, and Chet Baker.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Peter Higgs ranks 260 out of 6,924Before him are William Morris (1834), Henry Moore (1898), Sting (1951), Alcuin (735), Alan Parker (1944), and Harold Godwinson (1022). After him are John Herschel (1792), Æthelwulf, King of Wessex (795), Mary Tudor, Queen of France (1496), John Constable (1776), Graham Greene (1904), and John Venn (1834).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, Peter Higgs ranks 14Before him are Paul Dirac (1902), William Gilbert (1544), James Chadwick (1891), William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824), Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869), and John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (1842). After him are Owen Willans Richardson (1879), William Henry Bragg (1862), Charles Glover Barkla (1877), C. F. Powell (1903), Henry Moseley (1887), and Thomas Young (1773).