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Peter Higgs

1929 - Today

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Peter Ware Higgs (born 29 May 1929) is a British theoretical physicist, Emeritus Professor in the University of Edinburgh, and Nobel Prize laureate for his work on the mass of subatomic particles.In the 1960s, Higgs proposed that broken symmetry in electroweak theory could explain the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism, which was proposed by several physicists besides Higgs at about the same time, predicts the existence of a new particle, the Higgs boson, the detection of which became one of the great goals of physics. On 4 July 2012, CERN announced the discovery of the boson at the Large Hadron Collider. The Higgs mechanism is generally accepted as an important ingredient in the Standard Model of particle physics, without which certain particles would have no mass.Higgs has been honoured with a number of awards in recognition of his work, including the 1981 Hughes Medal from the Royal Society; the 1984 Rutherford Medal from the Institute of Physics; the 1997 Dirac Medal and Prize for outstanding contributions to theoretical physics from the Institute of Physics; the 1997 High Energy and Particle Physics Prize by the European Physical Society; the 2004 Wolf Prize in Physics; the 2009 Oskar Klein Memorial Lecture medal from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; the 2010 American Physical Society J. J. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Peter Higgs has received more than 1,182,227 page views. His biography is available in 73 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 72 in 2019). Peter Higgs is the 89th most popular physicist (down from 74th in 2019), the 277th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 260th in 2019) and the 17th most popular British Physicist.

Peter Higgs is most famous for his theory of the Higgs Boson, which is a subatomic particle that gives mass to other particles.

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Among physicists, Peter Higgs ranks 89 out of 717Before him are Carl David Anderson, Barry Barish, Clinton Davisson, Eugene Wigner, John Bardeen, and Arnold Sommerfeld. After him are Paul Langevin, Arthur Compton, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Dennis Gabor, James Franck, and Manne Siegbahn.

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Among people born in 1929, Peter Higgs ranks 25Before him are Hafizullah Amin, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Christopher Plummer, Irene Papas, Michael Ende, and Sándor Kocsis. After him are Chet Baker, Oriana Fallaci, Karolos Papoulias, Tigran Petrosian, Babrak Karmal, and Graham Hill.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Peter Higgs ranks 277 out of 7,765Before him are Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901), Nicholas Winton (1909), John Keats (1795), Jane Goodall (1934), Benjamin Britten (1913), and Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943). After him are Alec Guinness (1914), Daniel Craig (1968), Mordred (null), Daniel Day-Lewis (1957), Anne Brontë (1820), and Cyrano de Bergerac (1619).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, Peter Higgs ranks 17Before him are James Chadwick (1891), Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869), Roger Penrose (1931), William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824), John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (1842), and Owen Willans Richardson (1879). After him are William Henry Bragg (1862), Henry Moseley (1887), Edward Victor Appleton (1892), George Paget Thomson (1892), C. F. Powell (1903), and Charles Glover Barkla (1877).