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John Bardeen

1908 - 1991

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John Bardeen (; May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist and electrical engineer. He is the only person to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N. Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, making possible the development of almost every modern electronic device, from telephones to computers, and ushering in the Information Age. Bardeen's developments in superconductivity—for which he was awarded his second Nobel Prize—are used in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), medical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and superconducting quantum circuits. Born and raised in Wisconsin, Bardeen received a Ph.D. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Bardeen has received more than 1,416,052 page views. His biography is available in 85 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 83 in 2019). John Bardeen is the 87th most popular physicist (up from 111th in 2019), the 334th most popular biography from United States (up from 477th in 2019) and the 7th most popular American Physicist.

John Bardeen is most famous for his work in the development of the transistor. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for his work.

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  • 4.73

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Among physicists, John Bardeen ranks 87 out of 717Before him are Ernst Ruska, Johannes Stark, Carl David Anderson, Barry Barish, Clinton Davisson, and Eugene Wigner. After him are Arnold Sommerfeld, Peter Higgs, Paul Langevin, Arthur Compton, Charles Édouard Guillaume, and Dennis Gabor.

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Among people born in 1908, John Bardeen ranks 20Before him are Lev Landau, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Bette Davis, Simon Wiesenthal, Geli Raubal, and Anna Magnani. After him are Edward Teller, Mika Waltari, Amon Göth, David Oistrakh, David Lean, and Nelson Rockefeller. Among people deceased in 1991, John Bardeen ranks 16Before him are Klaus Kinski, Jiang Qing, Klaus Barbie, Graham Greene, Carl David Anderson, and Gustáv Husák. After him are Soichiro Honda, Lazar Kaganovich, Frank Capra, Margot Fonteyn, David Lean, and Marcel Lefebvre.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, John Bardeen ranks 334 out of 18,182Before him are Lewis H. Morgan (1818), Clinton Davisson (1881), Michael Porter (1947), Man Ray (1890), Herman Hollerith (1860), and Sandra Bullock (1964). After him are Bill Murray (1950), James Fenimore Cooper (1789), Truman Capote (1924), Joseph Stiglitz (1943), Margaret Mead (1901), and Ella Fitzgerald (1917).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, John Bardeen ranks 7Before him are Richard Feynman (1918), J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904), Robert Andrews Millikan (1868), Carl David Anderson (1905), Barry Barish (1936), and Clinton Davisson (1881). After him are Arthur Compton (1892), Joseph Henry (1797), Kip Thorne (1940), Owen Chamberlain (1920), Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921), and Percy Williams Bridgman (1882).